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Home » Plant infomation

Euphorbia antiquorum  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Euphorbia antiquorum L.

English Name

:

Triangular Spurge

Synonym(s)

:

Tithymalus antiquorum Moench

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an erect, fleshy, glabrous and polymorphous shrubs or small tree with 1 to 5 m height and terete or obscurely 3 to 6 angled branches and sinuate winged branchlets. Leaves are small, fleshy, deciduous and obovate-oblong with rounded apex and cuneate and entire base. Involucres are 3-nate, in short-peduncled simple or less often compounded cymes. Styles are free and 2 lobed with 5 large glands. The cocci are glabrous and compressed.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the cardiovascular system (aerial part), emetic, irritant, purgative, stomachic.

Links

Phipphine Medicinal Plants

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Taraxerol (root); cycloartenol, beta-amyrin, euphol and alpha-euphorbol (latex); taraxerone, friedelan-3-alpha-ol and -3-beta-ol (stem).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Taraxerol 22076-46-6 4,4,6a,6a,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,8,9,10,12,12a
,13,14,14a -tetrade
cahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Cycloartenol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Euphol 514-47-6 4,4,10,13,14-pentame
thyl-17-(6-methylhep
t-5-en-2-yl)-2,3,5,6
,7,11,12,1 5,16,17-
decahydro-1H-cyclope
nta[a]phenanthren-3-
ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxerone Not Available 4,4,6a,6a,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-2,4,4a
,5,6,6a,6a,8,8a,9,10
,11,12,12a ,13,14,1
4a,14b-octadecahydro
-1H-picen-3-one
C30H48O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Syphilis, bronchitis, asthma, anasarca, dropsy and whitlow (plant); used as external application in cutaneous affections, rheumatism, toothache and ulcers. Its stem-decoction is beneficial in gout and nervous diseases.

Contraindication

The sap is irritating to the human eye and blindness may occur following eye contact.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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