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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Dioscorea deltoidea  WALL. EX KUNTH

   

Botanical Name

:

Dioscorea deltoidea WALL. EX KUNTH

Family

:

Dioscoreaceae

 

General Info

Description

Twining climber, glabrous. Roots tuberous. Leaves 5 to 12 cm long, acute, acuminate, base deeply cordate, alternate; petiole as long as blade. Male spikes 8 to 35 cm long, solitary, rarely in pairs, slender; flowers small, in clusters; perianth segments sroadly oblong, stamens 6. Female spikes 8 to 16 cm long, soliatry, broader than leaf; flowers few. Capsule 1.5 to 2.5 x 2.5 to 5 cm.

Herb Effects

Antimicrobial (seed extract) and antipyretic (leaf), contraceptive.

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Smilagenin, diosgenin and its glycosides, epismilagenin and "alkanese" (rhizome); a strodal saponin (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Smilagenin 82597-74-8 Not Available C27H44O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Epismilagenin 16653-88-6 Not Available C27H44O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Reducing fever (leaf); included in preparations of certain steroidal drugs such as cortisone, used to treat asthma and arthritis (rhizome).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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