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Home » Plant infomation

Dendrophthoe falcata  (L.F) ETTING

   

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Botanical Name

:

Dendrophthoe falcata (L.F) ETTING

Synonym(s)

:

Loranthus amplexifolius Desr., Loranthus bicolor Roxb., Loranthus falcatus L.f., Loranthus longiflorus Desr.

Family

:

Loranthaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large, bushy, evergreen, parasitic plant with smooth grey bark; young parts glabrous or nearly so. Leaves supopposite, coriaceous, highly variable in size and shape, most often ovate-oblong, 7.5 to 20 cm long and 2 to 10 cm wide, apex and base usually obtuse, margins often minutely white; petioles 0 to 13 mm long. Flowers borne inshort, spreading axillary racemes; pedicels short; bract 1.6 mm long, broadly ovate, concave; calyx 4 mm long, more or less tomentose, tube cylindrical, limb cupular, truncate or shortly 5 toothed. Fruit a fleshy, ovoid or oblong berry 0.8 to 1.7 cm long and 0.06 cm wide, bright pink when mature.

Herb Effects

Abortifacient (stem); antiviral and lowers blood pressure (50% EtOH plant extract, excluding root); increases blood pressure and myocardial effect (leaf extract); narcotic (bark)

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Flavonoids (leaf); beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, beta-amyrin acetate, methyl esteracetate and oleanolic acid (stem); from 50% EtOH plant extract (excluding root) and from aqueous extract of leaf.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin acetate 863-76-3 (4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,
14b-octamethyl-2,3,4
a,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
,12a,14,14 a-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
yl) acetate
C32H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As an abortifacient (stem); brain tonic and in skin diseases (plant); menstrual problems, wounds and asthma (bark); is used to treat wounds, as emmenagogue and as a remedy for consumption, asthma and mania. The lukewarm leaf juice is used as an eardrop to cure earache.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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