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Home » Plant infomation

Cymbopogon nardus  (Linn.) Rendle

   

Botanical Name

:

Cymbopogon nardus (Linn.) Rendle

English Name

:

Ceylon Citronella Grass

Synonym(s)

:

Andropogon nardus Linn.

Family

:

Poaceae

 

General Info

Description

Tropical grass that can grow 5-6 ft (1.5-1.8 m) tall. The stems are canelike and the leaves are grayish green, flat, about 3 ft (0.9 m) long and 1 in (2.5 cm) or so wide.

Herb Effects

Sedative, carminative, antiseptic, antimicrobial (in vivo), emmenagogue, antispasmodic, deodorant, diaphoretic, insecticide, parasitic, tonic and stimulant (plant oil).

Links

Floridata
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-phellandrene, beta-pinene, geraniol, lanalool, citronellol, geranyl acetate, camphene, nerol, citronellal, nerval, elemicine, elemol, limonene, and isopulegol (plant oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Citronellol 26489-01-0 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
-1-ol
C10H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Geranyl acetate 8022-83-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienyl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Citronellal 26489-02-1 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en
al
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Nerol 106-24-1 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Elemol 8024-27-9 2-(4-ethenyl-4-methy
l-3-prop-1-en-2-yl-c
yclohexyl)propan-2-o
l
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Isopulegol 89-79-2 5-methyl-2-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexan-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Increasing the secretion of gastric juices (leaf); As emmenagogue, helps with gastro-intestinal distress including stomach ache and colitis, intestinal parasites, rheumatism, arthritis pain, cold and flu (Essential plant oil)

Contraindication

Can cause dermatitis from contact with citronella grass or lemongrass, particularly the concentrated oils. Inhaling the essential oils of citronella may increase heart rate in some people.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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