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Home » Plant infomation

Crotalaria retusa  L

   

Botanical Name

:

Crotalaria retusa L

English Name

:

Rattleweed, Devil bean, Rattlebox, Rattlepod, Wedge-leaf crotalaria, Wedge-leaf rattlepod

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

Annual herbs; stems erect, up to 13 dm long, ridged, appressed short-pubescent. Leaves simple, oblanceolate, 3.3-9.2 cm long, 1-3.8 cm wide, veins 5-8 on each side of midvein, upper surface glabrous and punctate, lower surface appressed short-pubescent, apex rounded or occasionally acute, usually retuse, base cuneate, petioles up to 3 mm long, stipules narrowly rhombic-ovate, up to 0.5 mm long. Flowers 17-24 mm long, 13-23 in terminal, somewhat lax inflorescences, rachis up to 27 cm long (incl. peduncle), bracts narrowly triangular, 2-2.5 mm long, recurved, usually persistent, bracteoles at or above mid-pedicel, narrowly triangular; calyx appressed short-pubescent, the tube 4.5-6.5 mm long, the lobes 5.5-10 mm long, lateral lobes distinct at apex; petals yellow with fine purple lines near base, standard 14-18 mm long, 17-25 mm wide, wings oblong-lanceolate, 13-15 mm long, 9-11 mm wide, keel petals short, beak twisted, margins ciliate; elongated anthers 2.8-3.1 mm long, short ones 0.8-1 mm long. Pods dark brown to black at maturity, 3-4 cm long, nonstipitate, glabrous. Seeds 23 per pod, tan to brown, up to 4.5 mm long, smooth.

Herb Effects

Antitumor (plant)

Links

PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Indican (leaf); monocrotaline, retusin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Indican 487-60-5 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-
(1H-indol-3-yloxy)ox
ane-3,4,5-triol
C14H17NO6 Click Here To Enlarge
Monocrotaline 315-22-0 Not Available C16H23NO6
Retusin 480-86-4 2-(3,4-dimethoxyphen
yl)-5-hydroxy-3,7-di
methoxy-chromen-4-on
e
C19H18O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For impetigo and scabies (plant)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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