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Home » Raw Herbs » Seeds

Coriandrum sativum  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Coriandrum sativum L.

English Name

:

Coriander and Coriander Seed

Synonym(s)

:

Coriandri fructus and Oleum coriandri

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an annual, with erect stems, 1 to 3 feet high, slender and branched. The lowest leaves are stalked and pinnate, the leaflets roundish or oval, slightly lobed. The segments of the uppermost leaves are linear and more divided. The flowers are in shortly-stalked umbels, five to ten rays, pale mauve, almost white, delicately pretty. The seed clusters are very symmetrical and the seeds fall as soon as ripe. The plant is bright green, shining, glabrous and intensely foetid. The seeds are quite round like tiny balls. They lose their disagreeable scent on drying and become fragrant- the longer they are kept, the more fragrant they become.

Herb Effects

The seed is aromatic, carminative, expectorant, narcotic, stimulant and stomachic. antibilious; increases the secretion of gastric juices, reduces fever, carminative and stimulant (fruit); diuretic and aphrodisiac (fruit and dried seed); fungitoxic against Helminthosporium oryzae (50% EtOH plant extract).

Links

Floridata
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Coriandrol, D-linalool (a major compound), camphene, alpha and beta-pinene, myrcene, sabinene and geraniol (essential plant oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Sabinene 3387-41-5 4-methylidene-1-prop
an-2-yl-bicyclo[3.1.
0]hexane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Intenstinal problems (such as indigestion and vomitting) (seed infusion); rheumatism, neuralgia, hemorrhoids (when bleeding). headache and eye infections. It settles spasms in the gut and counters the effects of nervous tension. Externally the seeds have been used as a lotion or have been bruised and used as a poultice to treat rheumatic pains.

Contraindication

Not to be used in extreme vayu nerve tissue deficiency. The herb possesses a weak potential for sensitization.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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