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Home » Plant infomation

Cocculus pendulus  (Forsk.) Diels

   

Botanical Name

:

Cocculus pendulus (Forsk.) Diels

Synonym(s)

:

Cocculus leaeba DC.

Family

:

Menispermaceae

 

General Info

Description

Climbing shrub. Stem up to 15 cm in diameter, branches c. 5-6 m long. Leaves 1.6-5 cm long, 0.5-2 cm broad; oblong-lanceolate, ovate or trapezoid, base truncate, cuneate, rounded or trilobed-hastate, apex obtuse, mucronate or emarginate, generally glabrous or slightly puberulous on both sides, basal nerves 3-5. Flowers minute. Drupe reddish when fresh but turning black when dried, reniform, compressed, 4-7 mm long, 4-5 mm broad; endocarp ribbed on the lateral faces and without a prominent crest, not perforated in the centre.

Herb Effects

Antiviral, anticancer, stimulates the cardiovascular system and alleviates spasms. (aerial part)

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cocsulin and pendulin (bisbenzyl-isoquinoline bases), beta-sitosterol, hentriacontanol and choline (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a tonic and for controlling intermittent fever (root); for treatment of nose bleeding and high blood pressure (leaves)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bhakuni DS. Gupta NC. Dhar MM. Cocsulin: a new bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid from Cocculus pendulus Diels. Experientia 1970 Mar 15;26(3):241-2.

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