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Home » Plant infomation

Pimpinella anisum  L

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Pimpinella anisum L

English Name

:

Aniseed and Anise

Synonym(s)

:

Anisum officinale

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Anise is a dainty, white-flowered urnbelliferous annual, about 18 inches high, with secondary feather-like leaflets of bright green, hence its name, Pimpinella, from dipinella, or twicepinnate, in allusion to the form of the leaves.

Herb Effects

The seed is antiseptic, antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, digestive, expectorant, pectoral, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, slightly diuretic, stimulates the secretion of gastric juices, antimicrobial and kills certain insects.

Links

Botanical.com
Herb Information
Tropical Plant Database
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

8-methoxypsoralen and 5-methoxypsoralen (furocoumarins of fruit); anethole (essential fruit oil); alpha-pinene, alpha-terpineol, ascorbic acid, fatty oil, limonene, rutin, sugars, scopoletin and proteins (fruit); caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, eugenol, myristicin, (plant); imperatorin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
8-Methoxypsoralen 298-81-7 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
5-Methoxypsoralen 484-20-8 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Anethole 8022-08-0 1-methoxy-4-prop-1-e
nyl-benzene
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristicin Not Available 4-methoxy-6-prop-2-e
nyl-benzo[1,3]dioxol
e
C11H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Imperatorin 70102-00-0 Not Available C16H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of various respiratory problems. It is a sexual stimulant and increases the production of breast-milk. It is used the treatment of asthma, whooping couch, coughs and pectoral affections and digestive disorders such as wind, bloating, colic, nausea and indigestion. Externally it is used to treat infestations of lice and scabies. Anise warms the abdomen, dispels gas and is helpful for belching, vomiting, chronic diarrhea, abdominal pains, sluggish digestion and hernia. Star Anise is used as a sedative, especially for nervousness and to induce sleep.

Contraindication

Although many herbalists recommend anise as a remedy for morning sickness during pregnancy, it is not recommended for use during pregnancy. If your physician recommend against taking any birth control pills, avoid using anise as it has some estrogen activity. Estrogen may contribute to migraine headaches and abnormal blood clotting and promote the development of certain types of brain tumors.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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