impgc-International Medicinal Plants Growers' Consortium

Indian Medicinal
Plants Growers'
Consortium

 
Sponsor of the Month
plantmedia
you can advertise here
home herb database company directory trade leads trade shows services catalogs resources contact
 
Members Area

 

User Name Password
 Forgot Password?
New Member?

Raw Herbs  Health Remedies

Cardiovascular diseases
CNS disorders
Endocrine disorders
Genetic errors of metabolism
Genitourinary disorders
GI diseases
Immune system disorders
Infectious diseases
Musculo skeletal disorders
Neoplastic disorders
Nutrition deficiencies
Ocular disorders
Otolaryngological disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders
Pulmonary disorders
Renal disorders

Raw Herbs   Raw Herbs

Bark   Peel
Berry   Plants
Bulb   Pod
Corns   Powders
Cuts   Rhizome
Flowers   Rind
Fruits   Roots
Gum   Seeds
Kernal   Stem
Leaves   Tubers
Nut   Wood
Others

Forum   Forum

advertise with us
impgc.com blog
Home » Raw Herbs ยป Roots

Valeriana officinalis  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Valeriana officinalis L.

English Name

:

Valerian. All-Heal. Amantilla. Setwall. Setewale and Capon's Tail

Synonym(s)

:

Valeriana sambucifolia, Mikan, Valeriana angustifolia, Tausch.

Family

:

Valerianaceae

 

General Info

Description

The roots tend to merge into a short, conical root-stock or erect rhizome, the development of which often proceeds for several years before a flowering stem is sent up, but slender horizontal branches which terminate in buds are given off earlier, and from these buds proceed aerial shoots or stolons, which produce fresh plants where they take root. Only one stem arises from the root, which attains a height of 3 or 4 feet. It is round, but grooved and hollow, more or less hairy, especially near the base. It terminates in two or more pairs of flowering stems, each pair being placed at right angles to those above and below it. The lower flowering stems lengthen so as to place their flowers nearly or often quite on a level with the flowers borne by the upper branches, forming a broad and flattened cluster at the summit, called a cyme. The leaves are arranged in pairs and are united at their bases. Each leaf is made up of a series of lance-shaped segments, more or less opposite to one another on each side of the leaf (pinnate). The leaflets vary very much in number, from six to ten pairs as a rule, and vary also in breadth, being broad when few in number and narrower when more numerous; they are usually 2 to 3 inches long. The margins are indented by a few coarsely-cut teeth. The upper surface is strongly veined, the under surface is paler and frequently more or less covered with short, soft hairs. The leaves on the stem are attached by short, broad sheaths, the radical leaves are larger and long-stemmed and the margins more toothed. The flowers are small, tinged with pink and flesh colour. The corolla is tubular, and from the midst of its lobes rise the stamens, only three in number, though there are five lobes to the corolla. The limb of the calyx is remarkable for being at first inrolled and afterwards expanding in the form of a feathery pappus, which aids the dissemination of the fruit. The fruit is a capsule containing one oblong compressed seed. Apart from the flowers, the whole plant has a foetid smell, much accentuated when bruised.

Herb Effects

The root is antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, hypnotic, powerfully nervine, stimulant, sedative, antistress, hypnotic, reduces pain sensation and promotes sleep

Links

Nutrition Science News
Australian Naturopathic Network
Plants for a Future
King's American Dispensatory
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acetic acid, ascorbic acid, azulene, beta-bisabolene, beta-elemene, beta-ionene, beta-phellandrene, beta-pinene, beta-sitosterol, borneol, bornyl-acetate, camphene, caryophyllene, chlorogenic acid, choline, delta-cadinene, formic acid, gamma-terpinene, limonene, niacin, riboflavin, terpinolene, thiamin, valeric acid, valtrate (root); beta-carotene, caffeic acid, gamma-linolenic acid, kaempferol, linoleic acid, myrcene, oleic acid, p-coumaric acid, palmitic acid, quercetin (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Valerianine 30634-66-3 5-(methoxymethyl)-9-
methyl-3-azabicyclo[
4.3.0]nona-2,4,10-tr
iene
C11H15NO Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Azulene Not Available 3,8-dimethyl-5-propa
n-2-yl-azulene-1-sul
fonic acid
C15H18O3S Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Bisabolene 495-61-4 6-methyl-2-(4-methyl
-1-cyclohex-3-enyl)-
hepta-1,5-diene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-ionone 14901-07-6 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1
-cyclohexenyl)but-3-
en-2-one
C13H20O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Phellandrene 555-10-2 3-methylidene-6-prop
an-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinolene 586-62-9 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Valeric acid 70268-41-6 pentanoic acid C5H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Valtrate 18296-44-1 Not Available C22H30O8 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Linolenic acid 1686-12-0 (6E,9E,12E)-octadeca
-6,9,12-trienoic
acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Good for emotional problems, such as anxiety and in headaches, insomnia, palpitations etc. Valerian has a remarkable influence on the cerebro-spinal system, and is used as a sedative to the higher nerve centres in conditions ofnervous unrest, St. Vitus's dance, hypochrondriasis, neuralgic pains and the like. The drug allays pain and promotes sleep. It is used for nervous overstrain, as it possesses none of the after-effects produced by narcotics. Oil of Valerian is employed as a popular remedy for cholera, in the form of cholera drops. The juice of the fresh root, under the name of Energetene of Valerian, has of late been recommended as more certain in its effects, and of value as a narcotic in insomnia, and as an anti-convulsant in epilepsy. Having also some slight influence upon the circulation, slowing the heart and increasing its force, it has been used in the treatment of cardiac palpitations. It is also used internally in the treatment of painful menstruation, cramps, hypertension, irritable bowel syndrome etc. Externally, it is used to treat eczema, ulcers and minor injuries.

Contraindication

Do not use during pregnancy or lactation period.

Reference

Grieve. M. A Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL. Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Beltsville. Maryland.

Dealers

Naturalin

More Info

Search for Pictures

Search for Scholarly Articles

Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names




Advanced Search
English English Français Français Español Español
Deutsch Deutsch Italiano Italiano Portugues Chinese

Trade Leads  Active Leads

Neem Cake Organic
Fertilizer.
Natural Water
Soluble Neem oil
Botanical Pest
Repellent and
Pesticide
100% Pure Natural
Cold Pressed Neem
Oil.
Neem oil, Neem
seed meal, CoCo
peat, Coir pots,
Coir Discs, Coir
Fiber, Hydro
seeding mulch
herbal seeds and
root
Selling thyme ,
mallow ,
Selling Medicinal
Plants
Selling Medicinal
Herbs
Selling Medicinal
Herbs
White Willow Bark
Extract

advertisements

Plant Media

about us | services | privacy policy | disclaimer | terms of use | contact us | advertise | sitemap

Copyright © 2003-10 impgc.com- All rights reserved

return to top Return to top

Raw Herbs: Bark | Berry | Bulb | Corns | Cuts | Flowers | Fruits | Gum | Kernal | Leaves | Nut | Peel | Plants | Pod | Powders | Rhizome | Rind | Roots | Seeds | Stem | Tubers | Wood | Others Fields: Buyers | Collectors | Dealers | Exporters | Growers | Importers | Local Traders | Other Traders | NGO | Producers | Providers | Retailers | Suppliers | Wholesalers | Manufacturer | Other Traders : Herb Database | Directory | Trade Leads: Pure Herbs | Ayurvedic Products | Herbal Extracts | Dried Herbs | Spice Herbs | Essential Oil | Herbal Powder | Natural Herbs | Herbal Nutrients | Spice Oil | Herbal Products | Other | Trade Shows | Catalogs | See also www.antibodydirectory.com | www.enzymedirectory.com