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Home » Plant infomation

Piper methysticum  G. Forst.

   

Botanical Name

:

Piper methysticum G. Forst.

English Name

:

Kava Kava, Intoxicating Pepper. Ava Pepper

Family

:

Piperaceae

 

General Info

Description

A tropical evergreen shrub with woody stems. Leaves, heart-shaped, cordate acuminate with very short axillary spikes of flowers. The petiole is about an inch long, dilated at the base, and furnished with linear, erect stipules. The veins are prominent, about 12, diverging from the base of the leaf-blade. The flowers are small, apetalous, and arranged on slender spikes. Those bearing male flowers are axillary and solitary. The female spikes are numerous.

Herb Effects

Effect on the nerve centres is at first stimulating, then depressing, ending with paralysis of the respiratory centre.

Links

Kava
Medline plus
King's American Dispensatory
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, dihydrokawain, dihydromethysticin, kawain, methysticin, yangonin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamic acid 63938-16-9 3-phenylprop-2-enoic
acid
C9H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Dihydrokawain 587-63-3 4-methoxy-6-phenethy
l-5,6-dihydropyran-2
-one
C14H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Dihydromethysticin Not Available (6S)-6-(2-benzo[1,3]
dioxol-5-ylethyl)-4-
methoxy-5,6-dihydrop
yran-2-one
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Kawain Not Available (6R)-4-methoxy-6-[(E
)-2-phenylethenyl]-5
,6-dihydropyran-2-on
e
C14H14O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Methysticin Not Available (6R)-6-[(E)-2-benzo[
1,3]dioxol-5-ylethen
yl]-4-methoxy-5,6-di
hydropyran -2-one
C15H14O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Yangonin 500-62-9 4-methoxy-6-[2-(4-me
thoxyphenyl)ethenyl]
pyran-2-one
C15H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For skin complaints, loss of appetite, in the treatment of rheumatism, menstrual problems, venereal disease, tuberculosis and even leprosy

Contraindication

Not recommended during pregnancy or breast-feeding or for severe anxiety disorders, Parkinson's disease and depression.

Reference

Grieve. M. A Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).


Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL. Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Beltsville. Maryland.

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