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Home » Plant infomation

Benincasa hispida  (THUNB.) COGN.

   

Botanical Name

:

Benincasa hispida (THUNB.) COGN.

English Name

:

Ash, White or Wax Gourd

Synonym(s)

:

Benincasa cerifera (Savi.)

Family

:

Cucurbitaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a large climbing or trailing herb with stout, angular and hispid stems. Leaves are large and long petioled, 5 to 7 lobed, reniform-rotund, deeply cordate, upper surface sparsely pilose and scabrous, lower rigidly hispid and margin sinuate. The tendrils are slender and short. The flowers are large, monoecious and solitary in leaf axils. Calyx teeth, when young, are often narrow and scarcely serrate. The fruits are fleshy, succulent and densely hairy when young but thickly deposited with white easily removable waxy bloom when mature. The flesh is white, and spongy.

Herb Effects

Anti-inflammatory, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, tonic, aphrodisiac (fruit); anthelmintic (seed); antiviral (plant); highly nutritive, cooling, laxative and diuretic.

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-sitosterol, n-triacontanol, linolenic acid, lupeol, oleic acid, vitamin B, mannitol and amino acids (fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
n-Triacontanol 67905-26-4 triacontan-1-ol C30H62O Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vitamin B 59-67-6 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Mannitol 85085-15-0 hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-h
exaol
C6H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Epilepsy (fruit juice); for intestinal worms (shelled seeds); dandruff (seed and peel); in periodic attacks of hysteria, peptic ulcers, coagulating blood, general debility, as a purifying agent, cancer, obesity, hemoptysis, used in the treatment of coughs, fevers, excessive thirst and tuberculosis; painful wounds (rind).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Yoshizumi S. Murakami T. Kadoya M. Matsuda H. Yamahara J. Yoshikawa M. [Medicinal foodstuffs. XI. Histamine release inhibitors from wax.

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