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Home » Plant infomation

Avicennia officinalis  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Avicennia officinalis Linn.

English Name

:

Bean

Synonym(s)

:

Avicennia marina

Family

:

Avicenniaceae

 

General Info

Description

A shrub or small tree, 12.0-18.0 m in height, with a girth of 3.6-4.5 m. Two or three varieties are differentiated by the colour of bark, which may be black, white or mottled. Leaves coriaceous, 5.0-7.5 cm long, elliptic-oblong or obovate-oblong, glabrous above and tomentose beneath; flowers dingy yellow in small heads or in trichotomous corymbs; capsules 2.5-3.75 cm long, ovoid, compressed, beaked; seeds completely fitting the fruits, often germinating on the tree.

Herb Effects

Astringent (stem bark); antiprotozoal (aerial part); antitumor (kernel).

Links

Avicennia officinalis L.
Herbdata
Api Api Ludat

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Triacontanol, beta-amyrin, betulin, betulinic acid and taraxerol (leaf and bark); lupeol, lupenone, ursolic acid and beta-sitosterol (aerial part); taraxerone (bark); lapachol (kernel).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxerol 22076-46-6 4,4,6a,6a,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,8,9,10,12,12a
,13,14,14a -tetrade
cahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupenone 1617-70-5 Not Available C30H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxerone Not Available 4,4,6a,6a,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-2,4,4a
,5,6,6a,6a,8,8a,9,10
,11,12,12a ,13,14,1
4a,14b-octadecahydro
-1H-picen-3-one
C30H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Lapachol Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-(3-methy
lbut-2-enyl)naphthal
ene-1,2-dione
C15H14O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a contraceptive and snakebite antidote (bark resin); used for healing skin lesions of smallpox (flesh of unripe fruit); heals inflammations, abscesses, ulcers and boils (poultice of unripe seeds).

Reference

Chandel et al.,Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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