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Home » Raw Herbs » Powder

Ginkgo biloba  L

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Ginkgo biloba L

English Name

:

Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree

Synonym(s)

:

Salisburia adiantifolia - Sm.

Family

:

Ginkgoaceae

 

General Info

Description

These are yellow-pink, about inch in diameter. The ginkgo has unique fan-shaped leaves that are 2 to 3 inches long. Leaf veins radiate out from the petiole (leaf stem), and the center of the fan is notched, dividing the leaf into two lobes inspiring the species name biloba.

Herb Effects

Improves mental acuity, improves circulation, oxygenates the brain, reduces blood clotting, it also relieves dizziness and ringing in the ears, limits the formation of cerebral oedema and suppresses its neurological consequences.

Links

Ginkgo biloba
Plants for a Future
Floridata
Ginkgo biloba

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ginkgolides A, B, C & M (Root-bark); bilobalide, bilobanone sesquiterpene (Plant); acacetin, amentoflavone, apigenin, flavonols, biflavonoids, bilobalide, diterpenes, sesquiterpene bilobalide A, β-sitosterol, ginkgolides A, B & C, kaempferol, luteolin, shikimic acid, sequoyitol, quercetin, 1,5-MeO­bilobetin (Leaf); anacardic acids, ginnol, bilobols, cardanols (Fruit); alanine, alpha-linolenic acid, arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene (seed);

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Bilobalide 33570-04-6 Not Available C15H18O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Acacetin 480-44-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-m
ethoxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Amentoflavone 79596-89-7 8-[5-(4,5-dihydroxy-
7-oxo-chromen-2-yl)-
2-hydroxy-phenyl]-4,
5-dihydrox y-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C30H18O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Shikimic acid 138-59-0 3,4,5-trihydroxycycl
ohexene-1-carboxylic
acid
C7H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sequoyitol 523-92-2 6-methoxycyclohexane
-1,2,3,4,5-pentol
C7H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Anacardic acid 16611-84-0 2-hydroxy-6-pentadec
yl-benzoic acid
C22H36O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ginnol 2606-50-0 nonacosan-10-ol C29H60O Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

It reduces migraine and vertigo. It may be useful in mental disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. Extracts from Ginkgo eliminate excess fat (cellulite) in women. It is useful for disturbed brain functions, which result in dizziness, tinnitus, and headache with emotional lability and anxiety. Ginkgo has also been demonstrated to improve concentration and memory deficits as a result of peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

Contraindication

Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using ginkgo preparations. In addition, ginkgo use should be discontinued at least 36 hours prior to surgery due to the risk of bleeding complications.

Reference

Ahlemeyer B. Mowes A. Krieglstein J. Inhibition of serum deprivation- and staurosporine-induced neuronal apoptosis by Ginkgo biloba extract and some of its constituents. Eur J Pharmacol 1999 Feb 19;367(2-3):423-30.

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