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Home » Raw Herbs » Stem

Andrographis paniculata  (BURM.F.)WALLICH EX NEES

   

Botanical Name

:

Andrographis paniculata (BURM.F.)WALLICH EX NEES

English Name

:

The Creat

Synonym(s)

:

Andrographis subspathulata C.B. Clarke, Justica paniculata Burm. f.

Family

:

Acanthaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an erect annual herb. Stem is dark green, quadrangular with longitudinal furrows and wings on the angles of the younger parts and slightly enlarged at the nodes. The leaves are glabrous, dark green, arranged opposite decussate, lanceolate and pinnate. The flowers are small, in lax spreading axillary and terminal racemes or panicles. The capsules are linear-oblong and acute at both ends. The seeds are numerous, sub-quadrate and yellowish brown in colour.

Herb Effects

Astringent, anodyne, tonic, alexipharmic, tonic, febrifuge, stomachic, cholagogue, stimulant, aperient, antityphoid, antifungal, protects liver, antidiabetic and cholinergic (plant); lowers blood pressure (leaf); antibacterial (shoot).

Links

Andrographis paniculata

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Andrographolide, neoandrographolide (plant); homoandrographolide, andrographosterol and andrographone (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Andrographolide 5508-58-7 4-hydroxy-3-[2-[6-hy
droxy-5-(hydroxymeth
yl)-5,8a-dimethyl-2-
methyliden e-decali
n-1-yl]ethylidene]ox
olan-2-one
C20H30O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Neoandrographolide Not Available 3-[2-[(1S,4aR,5R,8aR
)-5,8a-dimethyl-2-me
thylidene-5-[[(2S,3R
,4S,5R,6R) -3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy
methyl]decalin-1-yl]
et hyl]-5H-furan-2-
one
C26H40O8 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Fever, stomach problems, diarrhea, dysentery and indigestion (plant decoction); auto-immune disorders, HIV/AIDS, heart disease, insect bites, cholera, diabetes, malaria, tuberculosis, rabies and snakebite.

Contraindication

Although andrographis has been found to be safe in humans, animal studies suggest it may impair fertility.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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