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Home » Plant infomation

Ananas comosus  Merr.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ananas comosus Merr.

English Name

:

Pineapple

Synonym(s)

:

Ananas sativus L. & Schult.

Family

:

Bromeliaceae

 

General Info

Description

The pineapple plant is a terrestrial herb 2 1/2 to 5 ft (.75-1.5 m) high with a spread of 3 to 4 ft (.9-1.2 m); a very short, stout stem and a rosette of waxy, straplike leaves, long-pointed, 20 to 72 in (50-180cm) 1ong; usually needle tipped and generally bearing sharp, upcurved spines on the margins. The leaves may be all green or variously striped with red, yellow or ivory down the middle or near the margins. At blooming time, the stem elongates and enlarges near the apex and puts forth a head of small purple or red flowers, each accompanied by a single red, yellowish or green bract. The stem continues to grow and acquires at its apex a compact tuft of stiff, short leaves called the "crown" or "top". Occasionally a plant may bear 2 or 3 heads, or as many as 12 fused together, instead of the normal one. As individual fruits develop from the flowers they join together forming a cone shaped, compound, juicy, fleshy fruit to 12 in (30 cm) or more in height, with the stem serving as the fibrous but fairly succulent core. The tough, waxy rind, made up of hexagonal units, may be dark-green, yellow, orange-yellow or reddish when the fruit is ripe. The flesh ranges from nearly white to yellow. If the flowers are pollinated, small, hard seeds may be present, but generally one finds only traces of undeveloped seeds. Offshoots, called "slips", emerge from the stem around the base of the fruit and shoots grow in the axils of the leaves. Suckers (aerial suckers) are shoots arising from the base of the plant at ground level; those proceeding later from the stolons beneath the soil are called basal suckers or "ratoons".

Herb Effects

Laxative and abortifacient (fruit juice); antiscorbutic and stimulates the flow of bile, emmenagogue (leaf); alleviates spasms (plant); antifertility (unripe fruit); antiinflammatory, diuretic.

Links

Ananas comosus

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ergosterol peroxide, campesterol and stigmasterol (leaf); monoglyceryl esters, ananasic acid and bromelain (stem); acetaldehyde, acetic acid, acetone, alanine, alpha-linolenic acid, alpha-tocopherol, arginine, ascorbic acid, asparagine, aspartic acid, beta-carotene, bremelain, chavicol, citric acid, ethyl-acetate, p-coumaric acid, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, histidine, linoleic acid, lysine, malic acid, methionine, methyl-acetate, niacin, oleic acid, p-aminobenzoic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, pantothenic acid, phenylalanine, riboflavin, serotonin, thiamin, tyrosine, vanillin (fruit); 5-hydroxytryptamine, ferulic acid (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ergosterol peroxide 2061-64-5 Not Available C28H44O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Sinapic acids 530-59-6 3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dim
ethoxy-phenyl)prop-2
-enoic acid
C11H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetaldehyde 108-62-3 2,4,6,8-tetramethyl-
1,3,5,7-tetraoxocane
C8H16O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetone Not Available acetone C3H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-tocopherol 364-50-1 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(5,9,13-trimethylt
etradecyl)chroman-6-
ol
C30H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Asparagine 2058-58-4 2,4-diamino-4-oxo-bu
tanoic acid
C4H8N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Chavicol 501-92-8 4-prop-2-enylphenol C9H10O Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamine 6899-04-3 2-amino-4-carbamoyl-
butanoic acid
C5H10N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl acetate 79-20-9 methyl acetate C3H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
P-aminobenzoic acid Not Available 4-aminobenzoic acid C7H7NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitoleic acid 2091-29-4 (E)-hexadec-9-enoic
acid
C16H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Serotonin 50-67-9 3-(2-aminoethyl)-1H-
indol-5-ol
C10H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillin 8014-42-4 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzaldehyde
C8H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
5-Hydroxytryptamine Not Available 3-(2-aminoethyl)-1H-
indol-5-ol
C10H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For cancer and tumors, coagulating blood, in edemas, third degree burns and promoting the absorption of drugs, to expel intestinal worms, as emmenagogue, as a drastic treatment for venereal diseases, as a gargle in cases of sore throat and as an antidote for seasickness.

Contraindication

Hypersensitivity, occasionally gastric disturbances or diarrhea, sometimes allergic reactions.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.Br>


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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