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Home » Raw Herbs » Stem

Cassia acutifolia  DELILE

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Cassia acutifolia DELILE

English Name

:

Senna

Synonym(s)

:

Alexandrian senna. Nubian senna. Cassia lenitiva. Cassia lanceolata. Cassia officinalis. Cassia aethiopica. Senna acutifolia

Family

:

Caesalpiniaceae

 

General Info

Description

Cassia acutifolia, is a small shrub about 2 feet high. The stem is erect, smooth, and pale green, with long, spreading branches, bearing leaflets in four or five pairs, averaging an inch long, lanceolate or obovate, unequally oblique at the base, veins distinct on the under surface, brittle, greyish-green, of a faint, peculiar odour, and mucilaginous, sweetish taste. The flowers are small and yellow. The pods are broadly oblong, about 2 inches long by 7/8 inch broad, and contain about six seeds.

Herb Effects

Increases the peristaltic movements of the colon by its local action upon the intestinal wall-cathartic.

Links

Senna

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Anthraquinone derivatives and their glucosides: -sennoside A and sennoside B. They both hydrolyze to give the aglycones sennidin A and B and two molecules of glucose; sennidins C and D were also found; two naphthalene glycosides isolated from senna leaves.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Sennoside A 81-27-6 9-[2-carboxy-4-hydro
xy-10-oxo-5-[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xy-9H-anthracen-9-yl
]-4-hydroxy-10-oxo-5
-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6
-( hydroxymethyl)ox
an-2-yl]oxy-9H-anthr
acene-2-carboxylic
acid
C42H38O20 Click Here To Enlarge
Sennoside B Not Available 9-[2-carboxy-4-hydro
xy-10-oxo-5-[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xy-9H-anthracen-9-yl
]-4-hydroxy-10-oxo-5
-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6
-( hydroxymethyl)ox
an-2-yl]oxy-9H-anthr
acene-2-carboxylic
acid
C42H38O20 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

It increases the peristaltic movements of the colon by its local action upon the intestinal wall. Its active principle must pass out of the system in the secretions unaltered, for when Senna is taken by nurses, the suckling infant becomes purged. It acts neither as a sedative nor as a refrigerant, but has a slight, stimulating influence.

Reference

Franz G. The senna drug and its chemistry. Pharmacology 1993 Oct;47 Suppl 1:2-6.


Grieve. M. A Modern Herbal. 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL.

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