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Home » Raw Herbs » Rhizome

Alpinia galanga  (L.) WILLD.

   

Botanical Name

:

Alpinia galanga (L.) WILLD.

English Name

:

Greater Galangal

Synonym(s)

:

Maranta galanga, Amomum galanga

Family

:

Zingiberaceae

 

General Info

Description

Rhizome irregularly knotty; externally brownish black; homogenous and fibrous; fruit when fresh of the size of small cherries, obovate, soft, deep orange red colour.

Herb Effects

Aromatic, stimulant, aphrodisiac, antifungal, hepatoprotective, cardiovascular and central nervous system stimulants, diuretic, hypothermic (rhizome); antiulcer (seed).

Links

Encyclopedia of species

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, cadinene, camphor, eugenol, galangin, kaempferide, methyl-cinnamate, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (rhizome); caryophyllene-oxide (seed); terpinen-4-ol (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Cadinene 29350-73-0 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,
6,8a-octahydronaphth
alene
C15H26 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Galangin 548-83-4 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-p
henyl-chromen-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferide 491-54-3 2,6,8-trihydroxy-3-(
4-methoxyphenyl)-chr
omen-4-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl cinnamate Not Available methyl
3-phenylprop-2-enoat
e
C10H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene oxide 32095-03-7 Not Available C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Used in fevers, catarrhal affections, rheumatism, incontinence of urine, bronchitis and as a carminative (rhizome).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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