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Home » Plant infomation

Ageratum conyzoides  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Ageratum conyzoides L.

English Name

:

Goat Weed, Billygoat weed, Whiteweed, Ageratum

Synonym(s)

:

A. album Stend; A. caeruleum Hort. ex. Poir.; A. coeruleum Desf.; A. cordifoliumRoxb.; A. hirsutum Lam.; A. humile Salisb.; A. latifolium Car.; A. maritimum H.B.K.; A. mexicanum Sims.; A. obtusifolium Lam.; A. odoratum Vilm. and Cacalia mentrasto Vell.

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

Erect, herbaceous annual, 30 to 80 cm tall; stems are covered with fine white hairs, leaves are opposite, pubescent with long petioles and include glandular trichomes. The inflorescence contain 30 to 50 pink flowers arranged as a corymb. The fruit is an achene with an aristate pappus and is easily dispersed by wind.

Herb Effects

Antifungal and antibacterial (essential leaf oil); kills insects (plant); analgesic, anti-inflammatory, emetic, purgative, decoagulant, depurative, febrifuge, stimulant, vulnerary.

Links

Ageratum conyzoides
PIER
Tropical Plant database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ageratochromene (essential oil); stigmast-7-en-3-ol, quercetin, kaempferol and fumaric and caffeic acids (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ageratochromene 644-06-4 6,7-dimethoxy-2,2-di
methyl-chromene
C13H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmast-7-en-3-ol 6869-99-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,5,6,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumaric acid 110-17-8 but-2-enedioic acid C4H4O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Stops bleeding from cuts (leaf juice); as an antilithic (root), styptic (leaves),to treat cuts, wounds and bruises (plant juice); to treat scabies, rheumatism, coughs and colds (flower heads).

Contraindication

As pyrrolizidine alkaloids have been found in Ageratum, it can be presumed to be dangerous if taken internally in large doses. Do not use in pregnancy or with liver disease.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Manandhar NP. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. 2002 ISBN 0-88192-527-6.

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