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Home » Raw Herbs » Plant

Acalypha indica  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Acalypha indica L.

English Name

:

Indian Acalypha and Indian Nettle

Synonym(s)

:

Acalypha ciliata Wall., Acalypha canescens Wall., Acalypha spicata Forsk..

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual erect herb with hairy angular branches and growing as high as 75 cm. Leaves 2.5 - 7.5 cm long and 2-2.5 cm broad, ovate or rhomboid- ovate, acute or sub-obtuse, crenate- serrate, glabrous, thin, base cuneate, somewhat 3- nerved; petioles usually longer than the blade, slender; stipules minute. Flowers unisexual, in numerous lax, erect, elongate axillary spikes; the male flowers minute, terminal or axillary; the female flowers scattered, 3-7, surrounded by a short pendunculate, large, leafy, truncate, dentate, cuneiform, many-nerved bract, 6-8 mm in diameter. Ovary hispid. Capsules small, hispid, quite concealed by the bract, often only 1-seeded. Seeds ovoid, smooth, pale-brown.

Herb Effects

Expectorant and induces nausea (root); antibacterial (plant); diuretic and laxative; Cathartic, anthelmintic, emetic, anodyne and hypnotic, antimicrobial activity (extract of dried leaves).

Links

CCRH
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Kaempferol, beta-sitosterol, gama-sitosterol, and "HCN" (plant); acalyphin (a cyanogenic, alkaloidal glucoside) (aerial part).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme
thyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-o
xan-2-yl]oxy-4,5-dih
ydroxy-6-(hydroxymet
hyl)oxan-2
-yl]oxy-4,5-dihydrox
y-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
HCN Not available Hydrogen cyanide CHN Click Here To Enlarge
Acalyphin 81861-72-5 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-
1-methyl-6-oxo-3-[3,
4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hy
droxymethy
l)oxan-2-yl]oxy-2H-p
yridine-3-carbonitri
le
C14H20N2O9 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Sitosterol 83-46-5 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hexyl)-10,13-di
methyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,1
0,11,12,13 ,14,15,1
6,17-tetradecahydro-
1H-cyclopenta[a]phen
anthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For cough (leaf extract); bronchitis and pneumonia (plant decoction); skin diseases (leaf); as a vermifuge, in constipation and rheumatism; in asthma, cough, bronchitis and earache (fruit) .

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Shanmugasundaram KR. Seethapathy PG. Shanmugasundaram ER. Anna Pavala Sindhooram--an antiatherosclerotic Indian drug. J Ethnopharmacol.

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