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Home » Raw Herbs » Fruits

Foeniculum vulgare  GAERTN.

   

Botanical Name

:

Foeniculum vulgare GAERTN.

English Name

:

Fennel or Sweet Fennel

Synonym(s)

:

Foeniculum officinale (All.) Foeniculum capillaceum Gil. Anethum foeniculum, Linn., Meum foeniculum, Spreng. Foeniculum sativum, Bertol., Foeniculum panmorium, DC., Foeniculum dulce. DC.

Family

:

Apiaceae

 

General Info

Description

It has a thick, perennial root-stock, stout stems, 4 to 5 feet or more in height, erect and cylindrical, bright green and so smooth as to seem polished, much branched bearing leaves cut into the very finest of segments. The bright golden flowers, produced in large, flat terminal umbels, with from thirteen to twenty rays.

Herb Effects

The essential oil is bactericidal, carminative and stimulant; expectorant and antiinflammatory (fruit); laxative and antispasmodic (root); antimicrobial (essential fruit oil); carminative (leaf and fruit); oxytocic and abortifacient (essential seed oil).

Links

Herbal Monograph
Floridata
PIER
Herb Information
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Anethol (main compound), methyl chavicol, D-alpha-fenchone, D-apinene, D-alpha-phellandrene, camphene, dipentene and foeniculin (P-anol prenyl ether) (fruit oil); flavonoids (seed, leaf and fruit); a nisic acid, anisaldehyde, bergapten, grandivitin.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Anethol 8022-08-0 1-methoxy-4-prop-1-e
nyl-benzene
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl chavicol 77525-18-9 1-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-benzene
C10H12O Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Dipentene 8050-32-6 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Anisaldehyde 50984-52-6 4-methoxybenzaldehyd
e
C8H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Bergapten 484-20-8 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Spleen, kidney and chest diseases, gastrointestinal problems, eye and eyelid inflammations and medicine for cattle (fruit); colic (of infants) and kills hookworm (oil); as an emmenagogue, edema, rheumatism and asthma (essential seed oil).

Contraindication

People with a history of alcoholism, hepatitis, or liver disease avoid this herb. Pregnant or lactating women, as well as anyone with an estrogen-dependent cancer, should avoid fennel in large quantities until the importance of its estrogen-like activity is clarified.


Allergenic cross-reactivity amongst the Apiaceae is the cause of the many positive results obtained with carrot, parsely, anise, fennel and caraway (Wuthrich and Dietschi, 1985).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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