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Home » Raw Herbs ยป Leaves

Paederia foetida  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Paederia foetida L.

English Name

:

Stinkvine

Synonym(s)

:

Convolvulus foetidus; Apocynum foetidum

Family

:

Rubiaceae

 

General Info

Description

Twining, malodorous vines; stems to 2-7 m long, puberulent in lines or sometimes glabrous. Leaves opposite, oblong-lanceolate to ovate, 4.5-14 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, glabrous except lower surface with tufts of hairs in axils of primary veins, margins entire, ciliate when young, becoming glabrate, apex acuminate or acute, base cuneate to rounded or subcordate, petioles 2-5 cm long, stipules ca. 1.5-1.7 mm long, short-acuminate, short-fimbriate-ciliate to ciliate. Flowers in cymes 2-12 cm long, sometimes several grouped together +- with subtending leaves and forming panicles up to 30 cm long; hypanthium ca. 1.5 mm long; calyx lobes deltate, ca. 0.4-0.5 mm long; corolla white to pale yellow with a dark rose purple center, the tube ca. 7-11 mm long, densely floccose externally, purplish within with long, clavate, purple hairs, the lobes scarcely spreading, margins crisped-undulate; stamens inserted at different levels, included. Fruits yellowish brown to red, glossy, sublglobose, 4-6 mm in diameter

Herb Effects

Roots are considered to be emetic, emollient and carminative, useful in colic, spasm, rheumatism and gout. Leaves and roots are considered to be a tonic. Stimulates the central nervous system. alleviates spasms and anticancer (leaf); immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory (plant).

Links

Plants of Hawaii

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Paederoside, asperoloside and scandoside (stem and leaf); beta-sitosterol, friedelan and epifriedelinol (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Paederoside 20547-45-9 Not Available C18H22O11S Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Epifriedelinol 16844-71-6 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-1,2,3
,4,4a,5,6,6a,6a,6b,7
,8,8a,9,10 ,11,12,1
2a,13,14,14a,14b-doc
osahydropicen-3-ol
C30H52O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Hemorrhoids, in piles, inflammation of spleen, liver and chest pain (root); as a tonic (root and leaf); in rheumatism (plant); used as poultice to relieve distension of abdomen due to flatulence and also used in herpes (leaves); to children in diarrhoea (leaf juice); for vesical calculi (leaf decoction).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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