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Home » Raw Herbs » Seeds

Silybum marianum  (L.)Gaertn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Silybum marianum (L.)Gaertn.

English Name

:

Milk Thistle

Synonym(s)

:

Carduus marianus L.

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual, or biennial plant, glabrous, or but slightly wooly, growing to a height of 2 or 3 feet, and branching but little. Its leaves, which are shining and smooth above, are marked with white veins; the lower leaves are deeply pinnatifid, the lobes being broad and very prickly; the upper ones clasp the stem by prickly auricles, and are scarcely decurrent. The large, drooping flowerheads, with purple florets, are solitary and terminal upon the branches. The involucral bracts are very broad at the base and have a stiff, spreading leaf-like appendage, terminating in a long spine, and bordered at its base with prickles. The fruit is an achenium.

Herb Effects

Astringent, bitter, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, emmenagogue, hepatic, stimulant, stomachic and tonic (whole plant);

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Silybin, silydianin and silychristin

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Silybin 22888-70-6 (2R,3R)-3,5,7-trihyd
roxy-2-[(8R,9R)-9-(4
-hydroxy-3-methoxy-p
henyl)-8-( hydroxym
ethyl)-7,10-dioxabic
yclo[4.4.0]deca-2,4,
11-trien-3-yl]chroma
n- 4-one
C25H22O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Silydianin 29782-68-1 Not Available C25H22O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Silychristin Not Available (2R,3R)-3,5,7-trihyd
roxy-2-[(2R,3S)-7-hy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxy-3
-methoxy-p henyl)-3
-(hydroxymethyl)-2,3
-dihydrobenzofuran-5
-yl]chroman-4-one
C25H22O10 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For functional disorders of the liver and gallbladder, in cases jaundice, colitis, pleurisy, and diseases of the spleen, for loss of appetite, liver and gall bladder complaints including inflammation of the gall bladder duct, toxic liver disease and hepatic cirrhosis.

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