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Home » Plant infomation

Datura metel  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Datura metel L.

English Name

:

Downy Datura or Dhatura

Synonym(s)

:

Datura fastuosa (L.), Datura alba (Nees.)

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a spreading herb sometimes remain shrubby. Leaves are ovate-lanceolate or broadly ovate, acute or acuminate, unequal at the base and often cordate, entire or dentate, sub-glabrous or with greyish tomentum, generally glandular in a long petiole of up to 10 cm in length. Flowers often double or triple. Calyx is inflated towards the middle, persistent and reflexes in fruit. Corolla is about twice as long as the calyx, white or tinged with green, pubescent outside and with the 10 toothed limb. Capsule is globose, tuberculate or muricate, borne on a short thick peduncle, which, unlike that of D. stramonium, is never erect but nodding. It dehisces irregularly exposing a mass of closely packed, light brown, flat seeds which nearly fill the interior.

Herb Effects

The whole plant, but especially the leaves and seed, is anaesthetic, anodyne, antiasthmatic, antispasmodic, antitussive, bronchodilator, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and mydriatic; alleviates spasms and stimulates the cardiovascular system (fruit and plant); anthelmintic, anticancer, antiseptic, sedative and narcotic (plant); antiinflammatory and analgesic.

Links

PIER
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ferredoxin, datumetelin, daturilin, withametelin B, secowithametelin, a hexacyclic withanolide, physalinliconol, datumetixone, 12-deoxy withastramonolide and a P-methoxybenzoyl ester of tropine (leaf); daturadiol and daturaolone (fruit); scopolamine.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Daturadiol 41498-79-7 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicene-3,5-dio
l
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Daturaolone Not Available 5-hydroxy-4,4,6a,6b,
8a,11,11,14b-octamet
hyl-2,4a,5,6,7,8,9,1
0,12,12a,1 4,14a-do
decahydro-1H-picen-3
-one
C30H48O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopolamine 97991-84-9 Not Available C17H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Datumetelin Not Available (1S,5S,6R)-6-[(10R,1
3S)-10,13-dimethyl-1
-oxo-4,7,8,9,11,12,1
4,15,16,17 -decahyd
rocyclopenta[a]phena
nthren-17-yl]-2-(met
hoxymethyl)-1-methyl
-4 ,8-dioxabicyclo[
3.3.1]nonan-3-one
C29H40O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Daturilin Not Available (1S,5S)-6-[(10R,13S)
-10,13-dimethyl-1-ox
o-4,7,8,9,11,12,14,1
5,16,17-de cahydroc
yclopenta[a]phenanth
ren-17-yl]-1-methyl-
2-methylidene-4,8-di
ox abicyclo[3.3.1]n
onan-3-one
C28H36O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopolamine 97991-84-9 Not Available C17H21NO4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Ophthalmia (seed decoction); asthma (flower); swolen areas and in rheumatism (leaf); to treat fever, worms, cracks in feet, filaria, chronic coryza, rabies, alopecia, skin diseases, boils, pain in breast and insanity (root, fruit and leaves); in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, insanity, heart diseases, fever with catarrh, diarrhoea, skin diseases and asthma (plant).

Contraindication

Hot, dry, and flushed skin, hallucinations, pupil dilation, headache, delirium, rapid and weak pulse, convulsions, and coma.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Cusido RM. Palazon J. Pinol MT. Bonfill M. Morales C. Datura metel: in vitro production.

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