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Home » Plant infomation

Catharanthus roseus  (L.) G.DON.

   

Botanical Name

:

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.DON.

English Name

:

Periwinkle

Synonym(s)

:

Lochnera rosea (L.) Spach, Vinca rosea L.

Family

:

Apocynaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small herb or subshrub, up to 75 cm high; leaves elliptic-ovate to oblong, 4 to 10 by 2 to 4 cm, glabrous to puberulous, base acute or cuneate, apex obtusely apiculate, lateral nerves 10 to 12 pairs, petiole 1.0 to 1.5 cm; flowers in axillary or terminal cymes; solitary or paired, shortly pedicellate, pink or white or white with pink or yellow ring in orifice region; mericarps 3 to 4 by 0.3 cm, puberulous.

Herb Effects

Antitumor and depresses the central nervous system. Bitter, acidic, sedative, as stomachic, tranquilizer and as tonic (root)

Links

PIER
Catharanthus roseus
Floridata
A Natural Antineoplastic and Antidiabetic

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Adenosine, tannin, ursolic acid, (leaf); ajmalicine, akuammicine, akuammine, beta-sitosterol, choline, kaempferol, leuroscristine, mitraphylline, oleanolic acid, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, reserpine, serpentine, sweroside, vinblastine, vincamine, vincaleucoblastine, vincoside, vincristine, yohimbine (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Vincaleucoblastine Not Available Not Available C46H58N4O13S Click Here To Enlarge
Adenosine Not Available 2-(6-aminopurin-9-yl
)-5-(hydroxymethyl)o
xolane-3,4-diol
C10H13N5O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ajmalicine 483-04-5 Not Available C21H24N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Akuammicine Not Available Not Available C20H22N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Akuammine 3512-87-6 Not Available C22H26N2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Mitraphylline 509-80-8 Not Available C21H24N2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N,N-diethyl-N'-(2,4,
8,9-tetrazabicyclo[4
.3.0]nona-2,4,7,10-t
etraen-5-y l)propan
e-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Reserpine Not Available Not Available C33H40N2O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Serpentine 58782-36-8 Not Available C21H21N2O3+ Click Here To Enlarge
Sweroside 14215-86-2 (1S,9S,10S)-10-ethen
yl-9-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6
R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-
6-(hydroxy methyl)o
xan-2-yl]oxy-4,8-dio
xabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-
6-en-5-one
C16H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Vinblastine 865-21-4 Not Available C46H58N4O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Vincamine 1617-90-9 Not Available C21H26N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Vincristine 2068-78-2 Not Available C46H58N4O14S Click Here To Enlarge
Yohimbine 65-19-0 Not Available C21H26N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Diabetes and as a wasp sting antidote; for cancer (dried plant); to Hodgkin's disease, menorrhagia and diabetes (dried leaves); mixed with cow dung is used externally for cuts and wounds (pulp of nodes); diabetes, menorrhagia, leukemia and stomach-ache (whole plant); in menorrhagia and the juice for wasp-stings (leaf infusion).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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