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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Gymnema sylvestre  

   

Botanical Name

:

Gymnema sylvestre

English Name

:

Australian Cow Plant and Ram's Horn

Synonym(s)

:

Periploca sylvestris Willd., Gymnema melicida Edgew.

Family

:

Asclepiadaceae

 

General Info

Description

G. sylvestre is a large, more or less pubescent, woody climber. The leaves are opposite, elliptic or ovate; the flowers are small, yellow and in umbellate cymes; the follicles are terete, lanceolate and up to 3 inches in length.

Herb Effects

Alleviates spasms (50% EtOH aerial part extract); antidiabetic. stimulates insulin production and/or secretion and antiviral (leaf); inhibits high blood sugar levels (leaf extract); increases the secretion of gastric juices. laxative. diuretic, acrid, alexipharmic, anodyne, anthelmintic, antipyretic, astringent, bitter, cardiotonic, digestive, emetic,expectorant, laxative, stimulant, stomachic, uterine tonic.

Links

Herbal Monograph
101 Herbs

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Gymnemic acid, hentriacontanol, anthraquinone derivates and several O-iso-propylidene derivatives of gymnemagenin (leaf); from 50% EtOH extract of aerial part.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Anthraquinone 84-65-1 Anthracene-9,10-dion
e
C14H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For diabetes and snakebite (powdered root), in cough, biliousness and sore eyes, as a remedy for diabetes (leaves).

Contraindication

Gymnema should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding due to lack of reliable safety information.
If you are taking insulin or oral medications to reduce blood sugar levels, gymnema might cause them to work even better, potentially causing hypoglycemia. Therefore, you may need to reduce your dose of medication.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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