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Home » Raw Herbs ยป Fruits

Amomum subulatum  ROXB.

   

Botanical Name

:

Amomum subulatum ROXB.

English Name

:

Greater Cardamom or Nepal Cardamom

Synonym(s)

:

Amomum aromaticum Roxb.

Family

:

Zingiberaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a tall and perennial herb, with leafy stems. Rhizomes are creeping and branched, with several erect leafy shoots and panicles. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 30 to 60 cm in length, glabrous and the tip is acuminate. The spikes are globose, very dense, and shortly peduncled. Calyx and corolla tube segments are sub-obtuse, shorter than the tube and the upper one is cuspidate. Lip is obovate-cuneate, emarginate, yellowish white and rather longer than the corolla-segments. Capsules are 2.5 cm long, irregularly obcordate, echinate, trilocular, dark red-brown in color, containing several aromatic seeds in each cell and held together by a viscous sugary pulp. The fruit is anterio-posteriorly flattened, having 15 to 20 irregular, dentate-undulate wings which extend from the apex to downward for two-thirds of its length.

Herb Effects

Stimulant, stomachic, carminative, hypoglycemic (rhizome and root); deters growth of keratinophilic fungi (seed oil); increases the secretion of gastric juices, stimulant, astringent and alexipharmic (seed).

Links

Black Cardamom
Amomum subulatum
Large Cardamom

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Petunidin 3.5-diglucoside and leucocyanidin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, subulin, sabinine, terpinine, chalconecardamonin and alpha and beta-pinine (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Tonic for heart and liver, vomiting, biliousness, indigestion, abdominal pains, gravel and rectal diseases (seed). A decoction of seeds is used as a gargle in affections of the teeth and gum.

Contraindication

Hypoglycemia; use with care during pregnancy

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Bheemasankara Rao C. Namosiva Rao T. Suryaprakasam S. Cardamonin and alpinetin from the seeds of Amomum subulatum. Planta Med1976 Jun;29(4):391-2.

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