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Home » Plant infomation

Desmodium gangeticum  


Botanical Name


Desmodium gangeticum

English Name





Desmodium maculatum (L.), Meibomia gangetica (L.) Kuntze, Hedysarum gangeticum L.





General Info


A shrub, 06 to 1.2 m tall. Leaves unifoliate, petioles 1 to 2 cm long; stipules scarious, 6 to 8 mm long, apex acute, base round, margin wavy, glabrescent. Flowers violet or white, borne in fascicles of 2 to 5 flowers in lax, terminal and axillary racemes 15 to 30 cm long; pedicels 4 to 6 mm long, pubescent; bracts subulate 1.5 to 3.0 mm long; calyx 2 mm long, hairy, campanulate; corolla 3 to 4 mm long. Fruit pod linear to slightly curved, 1.2 to 2 cm long and 2 mm wide, indehiscent.

Herb Effects

Analgesic and antiinflammatory (root), Astringent, diuretic, febrifuge, expectorant, laxative, nervine, tonic.




Active Ingredients

NB-methyltetra-hydroharman, indole-3-alkylamines and their NB-oxides and 6-methoxy-2-methyl-beta-carboline (aerial part); gangetinin. desmodin. gangetin and several alkaloids (pterocarpanoids of root).


Medicinal Use

Diarrhea and to prepare "dasmula koatha" (root); asthma (root and plant); cough and fever (plant). Used to treat haemorrhoids, bronchitis, cardiopathy, anorexia, dyspepsia, inflammations.


Do not use if pregnant


Bioproduction of indoleacetic acid by a Rhizobium

Chandel et al.,Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Handa et al.,1992 Fitoterapia 63 3.

Jain et al.,1993, Indian Drugs, 30, 196.

Kapoor,1991, ibid, 28, 210.

Sharma & Mishra, 1993 J Res Edu Indian Med, 12, 45).

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Smith AC. Flora Vitiensis nova: A new flora of Fiji. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii. National Tropical Botanical Garden. 1985 3:190.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas



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