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Home » Raw Herbs » Gum

Boswellia serrata  Roxb. ex Colebr

   

Botanical Name

:

Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr

English Name

:

Boswellia, Salai guggal, Boswellin, Indian frankincense

Synonym(s)

:

Boswellia glabra Roxb., Boswellia thurifera Roxb.

Family

:

Burseraceae

 

General Info

Description

A large sized tall, deciduous tree having straight, buttressed trunk with a clear bole and widespread branches. The trunk and branch bark are gray in color having hard, sharp and conical prickles. Leaves are large, deciduous, digitate and glabrous. Leaflets 3 to 9, entire, lanceolate or oval, cuspidate and tip is acute. Petiole is long (up to 20 cm), petiolules 1,2 to 2.5 cm long, and stipules small and caducous. Flowers solitary or clustered, axillary or sub-terminal, fascicles at or near the ends of the branches, when the tree is bare of leaves. Calyx is cup-shaped usually 3 lobed. Corolla red or white, petals 5, oblong, recurved, fleshy, tomentose on the out side and sparingly pubescent inner. Staminal tube is short, more than 60 in 5 bundles. Ovary conical, glabrous, stigma 5, capsule ovoid, 5 valued dehiscing by 5 leathery, woody valves and lined with white silky hairs. Seeds are numerous, long, ovoid, black or gray in colour and packed in white cotton.

Herb Effects

Astringent, stimulant, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, ecbolic and antiseptic properties.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Boswellic acids, Glycosides and tannins (root, stem and leaf); lupeol and b-sitostrol (stem bark); 3 naphthalene derivatives related to gossypol and called as 'semigossypol' (root bark); b-sitosterol, traces of essential oil, kaempherol and quercetin (flowers).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Boswellic acid Not available 3R,4R,4aR,6aR,6bS,8a
R,11R,12S,12aR,14aS,
14bR)-3-hydroxy-4,6a
,6b,8a,11,12,14b-hep
tamethyl-2,3,4a,5,6,
7,8,9,10,11,12,12a,1
4,14a-tetradecahydro
-1H-picene-4-carboxy
lic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycoside 11014-59-8 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempherol 520-18-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxyphenyl)-chr
omen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In ulcers, tumours, goitre, cystic breast, diarrhea and dysentery, piles and skin diseases; useful in rheumatoid arthritis and cervical adenitis, found to improve blood supply to the joints and restore integrity of vessels weakened by spasm.

Contraindication

The LD50 was established at >2 g/kg.

Reference

Sharma PV. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


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