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Home » Plant infomation

Dioscorea bulbifera  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Dioscorea bulbifera Linn.

English Name

:

Dog Yam

Synonym(s)

:

Dioscorea crispata Roxb., Dioscorea pulchella Roxb., Dioscorea sativa Thunb. non Linn., Dioscorea versicolor Buch.Ham. ex Wall.

Family

:

Dioscoreaceae

 

General Info

Description

Twining climber, glabrous. Roots tuberous. Leaves 5 to 12 cm long, acute, acuminate, base deeply cordate, alternate; petiole as long as blade. Male spikes 8 to 35 cm long, solitary, rarely in pairs, slender; flowers small, in clusters; perianth segments sroadly oblong, stamens 6. Female spikes 8 to 16 cm long, soliatry, broader than leaf; flowers few. Capsule 1.5 to 2.5 x 2.5 to 5 cm.

Herb Effects

Diuretic (50% EtOH aerial part extract).

Links

PIER
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Diosbulbins A-D, D-sorbitol, diosgenin, zeaxanthin and auroxanthin (rhizome); from 50% EtOH aerial part extract.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
D-sorbitol 98201-93-5 hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-h
exaol
C6H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Zeaxanthin Not Available 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-3
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Syphilis, hemorrhoids,ulcers and dysentery (tuber); as contraceptives and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary organs as well as in a host of other diseases such as asthma and arthritis.

Contraindication

Glucoside in the plant is poisonous; creates excess mucus and congestion.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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