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Home » Raw Herbs » Plant

Mimosa pudica  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Mimosa pudica L.

English Name

:

Sensitive Plant

Synonym(s)

:

Mimosa tetrandra Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd., Mimosa pudica L. var. tetrandra (Willd.) DC., Mimosa unijuga Duch. & Walp., Mimosa pudica L. var. unijuga (Duch. & Walp.) Griseb.

Family

:

Mimosaceae

 

General Info

Description

M.pudica is a diffuse undershrub, 50 to 90 cm. high. The stem and rachis are clothed with prickles; the leaves are bipinnate, pinnae 2 to 4, digitatively arranged, with 10 to 20 pairs of leaflets; the flowers in pinkish globose heads; the pods, small, flat, straw-coloured, with many bristles; the seeds, 3 to 5.

Herb Effects

Antibiotic, antimicrobial, anti-neurasthenic, antispasmodic, diuretic, nervine, poison, sedative

Links

Mimosa pudica
Herbal Monograph
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Turgorines (hormones) and tubulin (plant), ascorbic-acid, crocetin, crocetin-dimethyl-ether, D-glucuronic-acid, D-xylose, linoleic-acid, linolenic-acid, mimosine, mucilage, norepinephrine, oleic-acid, palmitic-acid, sitosterol, stearic-acid

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Crocetin 27876-94-4 2,6,11,15-tetramethy
lhexadeca-2,4,6,8,10
,12,14-heptaenedioic
acid
C20H24O4 Click Here To Enlarge
D-glucuronic acid 576-37-4 3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxy
oxane-2-carboxylic
acid
C6H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
D-xylose 58-86-6 oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Mimosine 2116-55-4 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy
-4-oxo-pyridin-1-yl)
-propanoic acid
C8H10N2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Norepinephrine 66197-73-7 4-(2-amino-1-hydroxy
-ethyl)benzene-1,2-d
iol
C8H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Problems of the urinary tract, including stones, to relieve asthma and diarrhea (root decoction); swolen areas involving glands and in hydrocele (leaf paste); in dressings for sinus and also as an application for sores and piles (leaf juice); hemorrhoids (leaf juice and plant); against itching, relieves scabies patches, fistula (plant).

Contraindication

Do not use in pregnancy or nursing.. The dried plant is reportedly toxic to cattle.

Reference

The Himalaya Drug Company.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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