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Home » Raw Herbs » Roots

Cyperus rotundus  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Cyperus rotundus L.

English Name

:

Purple Flat Sedge, Nut Grass, cocograss, nut grass, nut sedge, purple nutsedge, red nut sedge

Synonym(s)

:

Pycreus rotundus ((L.)Hayek.), Cyperus hexastachyos

Family

:

Cyperaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a pestiferous perennial weed with dark green glabrous culms, arising from a system of underground tubers.The leaves are dark green, grass-like, with a prominent vein on the underside.It has red-brown spikelets with up to 40 individual flowers. The plant has an elaborate underground system consisting of tubers, rhizomes and roots. The tubers are white and succulent when young, and hard and black when mature.

Herb Effects

Astringent, anthelmintic, diuretic, carminative, increases the secretion of gastric juices, stimulant and diaphoretic (tuber); antipyretic and antiinflammatory (rhizome oil)analgesic, antibacterial, antibiotic, antispasmodic, antitussive, aromatic, contraceptive, emmenagogue, lithontripic, sedative, antierysipelas, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge.

Links

Tropilab INC
Wikipedia
Tropical Plant Database
PIER
Herbal Monograph
Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide
Ecoport

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Oleanolic acid-3-O-neohesperidoside (tuber); aureusidin and beta-sitosterol (plant); mustakone, beta-rotunol, cugeonol, copaene, cyperol and other sesquiterpenoids (rhizome oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Aureusidin 38216-54-5 2-[(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)methylidene]-4,6
-dihydroxy-benzofura
n-3-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Copaene 3856-25-5 Not available C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Rotunol Not Available (4aR,6R,8aS)-4a-hydr
oxy-4,8a-dimethyl-6-
prop-1-en-2-yl-5,6,7
,8-tetrahy dro-1H-n
aphthalen-2-one
C15H22O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cyperol Not Available (4aS,7R)-1,4a-dimeth
yl-7-prop-1-en-2-yl-
3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydr
o-2H-napht halen-2-
ol
C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Snakebite, problems with the bowel and jaundice (root); as an emmenagogue (tuber); conjunctivitis (MeOH extract of root followed by an extract with water), powder and decoction to treat fever, diarrhoea, erysipelas, rheumatic ailments, alcoholism, loose teeth, cough, vomiting, thirst, epilepsy, wound due to accident and eye diseases. It strengthens the digestive system and hence is a good appetizer.

Contraindication

Prolonged use of this herb may cause constipation and excess flatulence or gas. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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