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Home » Plant infomation

Clerodendrum serratum  (L.) MOON

   

Botanical Name

:

Clerodendrum serratum (L.) MOON

English Name

:

Beetle Killer

Synonym(s)

:

Clerodendron fortunatum Burm. ex Moldenke, Clerodendron serrulatum Spreng. ex Razi, Volkameria serrata L

Family

:

Verbenaceae

 

General Info

Description

A slightly woody shrub. Leaves elliptic, three at a node, sometimes opposite, base cuneate, margins serrate, apex acuminate, petiole stout. Panicles terminal; bracts lanceolate. Flowers blue; calyx cupular, subtruncate; corolla blue, limb 2 lipped, lobes 5, unequal. Stamen 4. Ovary globose. Fruit 4-lobed, drupe, purple, succulent.

Herb Effects

Anticatarrhal (root); spermicidal and stimulates the central nervous system (aerial part); expectorant (plant decoction)

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Flavonoids, alpha-spinasterol and phenolic acids (leaf); oleanolic, serratagenic and queretaroic acids (bark).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Spinasterol 481-18-5 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-hept-3-en-2-yl)-10,
13-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,
6,9,11,12, 14,15,16
,17-dodecahydro-1H-c
yclopenta[a]phenanth
ren-3-ol
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Serratagenic acid 6488-64-8 10-hydroxy-2,6a,6b,9
,9,12a-hexamethyl-1,
3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10
,11,12,13, 14b-tetr
adecahydropicene-2,4
a-dicarboxylic acid
C30H46O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Asthma, dyspepsia, anorexia, flatulence, helminthiasis, tubercular glands, leucoderma (root) and bronchitis (root and plant decoction). Leaves as external application for cephalagia and opthalmia.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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