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Home » Plant infomation

Cleome rutidosperma  DC.


Botanical Name


Cleome rutidosperma DC.

English Name


Spiderplant, Fringed spiderflower



Cleome ciliata Schumach. & Thonn.





General Info


Erect annual herb up to 50 cm tall, branched from the base; stem finely pubescent or glandular pubescent, green-purplish. Leaves alternate, 3-foliolate; petiole up to 7 cm long; leaflets elliptical, 1–6 cm × 0.5–2.5 cm, glabrous to sparsely setulose-pubescent. Inflorescence racemose, lax and not clearly demarcated; bracts similar to leaves. Flowers bisexual, regular, 4-merous; pedicel up to 3.5 cm long in fruit; sepals linear to lanceolate, 2–4.5 mm long, glandular puberulent; petals oblanceolate, 6–11 mm long, usually white, sometimes pinkish; stamens 6; ovary superior, cylindrical, 1-celled. Fruit a cylindrical capsule 3–6 cm × 3–4 mm, with stalk 5–13 mm long, subglabrous, dehiscing with 2 valves. Seeds globular-reniform, c. 2 mm in diameter, orange-brown-black, with fine longitudinal striations and low irregular transverse ridges.

Herb Effects

Rubefacient and vesicant (leaves and seeds)


PROTAbase: Cleome rutidosperma



Medicinal Use

Leaf sap is applied to cure earache and deafness. A leaf extract is used to treat irritated skin and also to treat convulsions. An infusion of the leaves is used to treat anaemia. The leaves and seeds are used medicinally to treat rheumatism, externally as well as internally. An infusion of the roots is used as a medicine for chest pain, the leaves to treat diarrhoea.



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