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Home » Plant infomation

Areca catechu  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Areca catechu L.

English Name

:

Areca Nut

Synonym(s)

:

Areca faufel Gaertn.

Family

:

Arecaceae

 

General Info

Description

A tree with a straight smooth stem, the upper portion green, annulate, 12 to 30 m tall. Leaves pinnate, 1.2 to 1.8 m long; leaflets numerous, 30 to 60 cm long; petiole expanded into a broad, tough sheath. Spathe double, compressed, glabrous, spadices much-branched, bearing male and female flowers; male flowers small, numerous sessile; female solitary or in groups of 2 to 3, borne near the base of each ramification of the spadix. Fruit ovoid or oblong, 4 to 5 cm long, smooth, orange or red when fully ripe, single-seeded, orange or red when ripe, single seeded, with a fibrous mesocarp; seed-kernel, 2 to 4 cm in diameter, greyish-brown, ruminate with reddish-brown lines.

Herb Effects

Laxative, aphrodisiac, digestive, astringent, diuretic, stimulant, cardiotonic, emmenagogue, antimicrobial and anthelmintic; freshens breath and strengthens gums (paste).

Links

Botanical.com
Betal nut

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arecoline, ascorbic acid, beta-sitosterol, choline, diosgenin, gallic acid, lauric acid, linoleic acid, niacin, oleic acid, riboflavin,stearic acid, tannin, thiamin (seed); beta-carotene (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
(+)-catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Arecoline 300-08-3 methyl
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-2H-pyridine-3-carbo
xylate
C8H13NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Lauric acid 8045-27-0 Dodecanoic acid C12H24O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat inflammation of the eyes, giddiness and gleet, in urinary maladies and diarrhea (powdered); skin disorders and external ulcers, for cleaning teeth, in the removal of tapeworms and other intestinal parasites, to treat liver disorders (root decoction).

Contraindication

Sri Lankans have reported that the unripe fruits (used as a laxative) can alter eyesight. Chewing betel nuts can also cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, chest pain, irregular heartbeats, high or low blood pressure, and irregular heart beats. A heart attack occurred in a man immediately after chewing betel nut. It is not clear if betel was the cause. There may be a higher risk of cancers of the liver, mouth, stomach, prostate, cervix, and lung with regular betel use.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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