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Home » Plant infomation

Sium sisarum  L.


Botanical Name


Sium sisarum L.

English Name


Skirret, Water parsnip



Apium sisarum (L.) Calestani, Apium sisarum (L.) Calestani var. sativum Calestani, Carum sisarum Baillon, Pimpinella sisarum (L.) Jessen, non Koso-Poljanski, Selinum sisarum (L.) E. H. L. Krause, Seseli sisarum (L.) Crantz, Sison anisum (L.) Sprengel, Sium diversifolium H. Wolff, Sium lancifolium M. Bieberstein, non Schrank, Sium ninsi L.





General Info


A perennial plant that grows about 1 m high and sometimes grown as a root vegetable. It has a cluster of sweet, bright white roots which are similar to sweet potatoes, but longer (15-20 cm). Leaves are in one to five pairs. Leaflets 3-11, narrow, sharp-pointed, finely serrated and medium green. As the plant matures the leaves become round. Flowers are small, fragrant, white, star-shaped in terminal umbels. Fruits are moon-shaped, short, brown and grooved.

Herb Effects

Aperitif and diuretic (root)


Health Topic - Herbal Dictionary: Skirret



Medicinal Use

The root is useful for removing obstructions from the bladder. It is serviceable against dropsy by causing plenty of urine and helps liver disorders, anorexia , dyspepsia and jaundice. It is also helpful in chest complaints. The young shoots are a pleasant and wholesome food of easy digestion.


James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 672, CRC Press July 2002.



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