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Home » Plant infomation

Piper longum  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Piper longum L.

English Name

:

Indian Long Pepper

Synonym(s)

:

Chavica roxburghii Miquel.

Family

:

Piperaceae

 

General Info

Description

Piper longum is a slender aromatic climber with perennial woody roots. The stems are jointed; the leaves, ovate and cordate with broad rounded lobes at the base, entire and glabrous; the spikes, cylindrical, male spikes larger and slender; the fruits, ovoid and yellowish orange.

Herb Effects

Carminative (fruit), stimulant, diuretic, lowers blood pressure and reduces fever (root), analgesic (root and fruit), antimicrobial (essential oil), hypoglycemic and induces spasms (plant) antitubercular and hematinic.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Long Pepper
Alternative medicine

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Piperine, piperlonguminine, piperlongumine, piplartine, sesamin, N-isobutyldeca-trans-2-trans-4-dienamide and an essential oil.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Piperine 7780-20-3 5-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5
-yl-1-(1-piperidyl)p
enta-2,4-dien-1-one
C17H19NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Piperlonguminine 5950-12-9 5-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5
-yl-N-(2-methylpropy
l)penta-2,4-dienamid
e
C16H19NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Piperlongumine 20069-09-4 1-[3-(3,4,5-trimetho
xyphenyl)prop-2-enoy
l]-5,6-dihydropyridi
n-2-one
C17H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Piplartine 20069-09-4 1-[3-(3,4,5-trimetho
xyphenyl)prop-2-enoy
l]-5,6-dihydropyridi
n-2-one
C17H19NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Sesamin Not Available 5-(2-benzo[1,3]dioxo
l-5-yl-3,7-dioxabicy
clo[3.3.0]oct-6-yl)b
enzo[1,3]d ioxole
C20H18O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In rheumatism, inflammation, diarrhea, as a carminative and for disorders of the respiratory tract, such as asthma (fruit); as a stimulant and diuretic (root); increasing the secretion of gastric juices and as an analgesic (root and fruit); as a tonic

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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