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Home » Plant infomation

Cissampelos pareira  L.


Botanical Name


Cissampelos pareira L.

English Name


Velvet Leaf



Cissampelos microcarpa, DC., Cissampelos clematidea, Presl., Pareira radix





General Info


A woody climber or twiner with slender terete stems of light open structure, and rarely reaching an inch in diameter. Leaves alternate, on longish slender petioles inserted more or less within the margin of the blade, nearly orbicular, with an acute apex and faintly cordate base, entire, palmately veined, smooth above, silky beneath or when young on both sides, bright full green. Flowers dioecious, very small; the male in branched, solitary or fasciculate, rather dense panicles; the female stalked, in fascicles of 5 or 6 in the axils of roundish, leafy, readily deciduous bracts. Seed strongly curved, filling the cavity; testa very thin, attached to the process; embryo slender, terete, much curved in the axis of the endosperm; cotyledons linear, imcumbent.

Herb Effects

Depresses the central nervous system (root and stem) and relaxes muscles (root); anthelmintic, astringent, reduces fever, antihistaminic and diuretic, antileukemic.


Tropical Plant Database
Herb Information


Active Ingredients

Berberine, cycleanine, tetrandrine, L-beberine, hayatinine, hayatine, hayatidine, insularine, cissamine, cissampareine and cissampine (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Hayatinine 6879-67-0 Not Available C37H40N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Cissamine 18556-27-9 Not Available C20H24NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Cissampareine 32728-54-4 Not Available C37H38N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Berberine 633-65-8 Not Available C20H18NO4+ Click Here To Enlarge
Cycleanine 518-94-5 Not Available C38H42N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Tetrandrine Not Available Not Available C38H42N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Hayatine Not Available Not Available C36H38N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Insularine Not Available Not Available C38H40N2O6 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

Urinary troubles, diarrhea, abdominal pain and as a snakebite antidote (root), leukemia, in fevers, dysentery, dropsy, dyspepsia and nephritis.


It relaxes the uterus and is contraindicated in pregnancy. It may also potentiate medications used to treat hypertension.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.



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