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Home » Raw Herbs » Wood

Caesalpinia sappan  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Caesalpinia sappan L.

English Name

:

Brazil Wood Tree

Synonym(s)

:

Biancaea sappan (L.)Tod.

Family

:

Caesalpiniaceae

 

General Info

Description

A spreading tree or shrub, up to 10 m in height. Branchlets dull, lenticellate, usually armed with paired, recurved prickles; leaves large hairy to glabrous, pinnae 9-14 pairs, hairy, leaflets 10-20 pairs per pinna, oblong, membranous, obliquely truncate; flowers yellow, in supra-axillary and terminal racemes combining into a large panicle; pods green, 3-4 seeded, beaked; seeds ellipsoid, black.

Herb Effects

Semen coagulant and anticancer (stem); antiinflammatory (heartwood); astringent and emmenagogue (infusion of wood)

Links

Philiphine Medicinal Plants
Caesalpinia Sappan Linn.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-amyrin glucoside, brazilin, aspartic acid, glycine, alanine, proline, leucine, sappanin, valine and threonine (heartwood).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Brazilin 474-07-7 Not Available C16H14O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
Proline 344-25-2 pyrrolidine-2-carbox
ylic acid
C5H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Leucine 2439-37-4 2-dimethylamino-4-me
thyl-pentanoic acid
C8H17NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Threonine 632-20-2 2-amino-3-hydroxy-bu
tanoic acid
C4H9NO3 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Dysentery and diarrhea, and its paste in rheumatism, haemorrhages and to treat wounds (wood decoction)

Contraindication

Used with caution in pregnancy.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Choi SY. Yang KM. Jeon SD. Kim JH. Khil LY. Chang TS. Moon CK. Brazilin modulates immune function mainly by augmenting T cell activity in halothane administered mice. Planta Med.

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