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Home » Plant infomation

Albizia ferruginea  (Guill. & Perr.) Benth.


Botanical Name


Albizia ferruginea (Guill. & Perr.) Benth.

English Name


West African albizia



Albizia angolensis Welw. ex Oliv.





General Info


Large deciduous tree up to 45(–50) m tall; bole branchless for up to 22(–30) m, straight and cylindrical, up to 100(–130) cm in diameter, without buttresses or sometimes with small, thick buttresses up to 1.5 m high; bark yellowish brown to dark grey, rough and scaly, inner bark fibrous, yellowish to orange-brown, with darker stripes and clear or honey-coloured gum; crown dome-shaped, heavily branched, with fairly spreading branches; young branches densely rusty hairy. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound with 3–7 pairs of pinnae; stipules awl-shaped, caducous; petiole (2–)3–4.5(–6) cm long, at the middle of upper side with a sessile gland, rachis (2–)4–15 cm long, rusty hairy; leaflets in 6–14(–20) pairs per pinna, sessile, elliptical to oblong, slightly oblique, 1–2.5 cm × 0.5–1 cm, rounded at apex, densely pubescent below. Inflorescence an axillary head on (2–)5–10 cm long peduncle. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, white to yellow, subtended by up to 7 mm long bracteoles; pedicel up to 3 mm long; calyx 3–6 mm long, with long tube and short lobes, densely rusty pubescent outside; corolla 9–13 mm long, with c. 6 mm long tube, rusty pubescent outside; stamens numerous, 3–5.5 cm long, united into a tube in lower half; ovary superior, c. 3 mm long, gradually tapering into an up to 3 cm long style. Fruit an oblong, flat pod 15–24 cm × 3–5 cm, glabrous, transversely veined, yellowish brown when ripe, opening with 2 papery valves, c. 10-seeded. Seeds flattened globose to ellipsoid, 7–10 mm × 4.5–8 mm.

Herb Effects

Vermifuge (bark); abortifacient (leaves)


PROTAbase: Albizia ferruginea



Medicinal Use

A decoction of bark is administered to treat dysentery, bronchial affections and pain caused by fever, and it is applied externally to sores, pimples and other skin complaints. A bark maceration is drunk and applied as a wash to treat jaundice. Leaf decoctions are used externally to treat headache, and as a wash or steam inhalation against fever (including malaria) and toothache; they are also applied as a wash to kill head lice. A leaf maceration is administered as an enema to induce abortion.



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