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Home » Plant infomation

Indigofera tinctoria  L.


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Botanical Name


Indigofera tinctoria L.

English Name


True or Indian Indigo, black henna



Indigofera leptostachys DC., Indigofera pulchella sensu Baker





General Info


A small shrub, 4 to 6 feet high, with slender, spreading, rather angular branches, rough with short adpressed white hairs. Leaves alternate, 3 or 4 inches long, shortly stalked, unequally pinnate, with small, setaceous stipules, rachis stiff, tapering, hairy; leaflets in 4 to 6 opposite pairs and an odd one, very shortly stalked, each with a minute stipella at the base, oval-or obovate-oblong, entire, ½ to ¾ inch long, glabrous and bluish green above, silky with white adpressed hairs and paler beneath.

Herb Effects

Depresses the central nervous system and hypoglycemic (aerial part); irritates the mucosa of the alimentary canal.


King's American Dispensatory


Active Ingredients

Indigotin, indican, phosphoric acid (leaf); from an alcohol extract of plant.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Indigotin 93660-98-1 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Indican 487-60-5 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-
C14H17NO6 Click Here To Enlarge
Phosphoric acid 7664-38-2 phosphoric acid H3O4P Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

Epilepsy, lumbago, asthma, leucoderma, hemorrhoids and enlargement of the liver and spleen (plant); in damage to the liver (alcohol extract from plant); convulsions in infants, hysteria, chorea and amenorrhea.


Sharma Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

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