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Home » Plant infomation

Acokanthera schimperi  (A. DC.) Oliv.

   

Botanical Name

:

Acokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Oliv.

English Name

:

Common poison bush, Arrow-poison tree

Synonym(s)

:

Carissa schimperi A.DC., Acokanthera ouabaio Poisson

Family

:

Apocynaceae

 

General Info

Description

Much-branched, evergreen tree, sometimes a shrub, up to 9(–10) m tall, with short trunk; bark brown, soft; crown dense, rounded; young branches glabrous or hairy, conspicuously angled and ribbed. Leaves decussately opposite, simple and entire; stipules absent; petiole 1–6(–9) mm long; blade elliptical to ovate or broadly ovate, 2–10 cm × 1.5–6.5 cm, base cuneate or rounded, apex acute, obtuse or rounded, with hard mucro, leathery, glossy, glabrous or shortly hairy, pinnately veined, lateral veins obscure, with looping connections. Inflorescence a dense axillary cyme, many-flowered. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, fragrant; sepals free, ovate to lanceolate, (1–)1.5–2.5 mm long, apex acuminate to acute, shortly hairy or glabrous outside, ciliate; corolla tube cylindrical, 8–12.5 mm long, glabrous or shortly hairy outside, inside sparsely hairy in the upper half and wrinkled below, pink or red, lobes ovate, 2.5–5 mm long, apex acute, glabrous above, glabrous to shortly hairy below, ciliate, white; stamens inserted at 7–10 mm from the base of the corolla tube, slightly exserted; ovary superior, ellipsoid, 2-celled, style slender, 7–10 mm long, stigma minutely bifid. Fruit an ellipsoid berry 1–2.5 cm long, purple when ripe, pulp green to deep red, 1–2-seeded. Seeds ellipsoid, plano-convex, 6–13 mm long, smooth, glabrous.

Herb Effects

Antifertility (dried pulverized leaves); aphrodisiac (root infusion)

Links

PROTAbase: Acokanthera schimperi

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acovenoside A, ouabain (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Acovenoside A Not Available 4-[(1R,3R,5R,8R,9S,1
0S,13R,14S,17S)-3-(3
,5-dihydroxy-4-metho
xy-6-methy l-oxan-2
-yl)oxy-1,14-dihydro
xy-10,13-dimethyl-1,
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,1
2, 15,16,17-tetrade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-17-yl]-5
H-furan-2-one
C30H46O9
Ouabain 11018-89-6 4-[(1R,3S,9S,11R,17S
)-1,5,11,14-tetrahyd
roxy-10-(hydroxymeth
yl)-13-met hyl-3-(3
,4,5-trihydroxy-6-me
thyl-oxan-2-yl)oxy-2
,3,4,6,7,8,9,11,12,1
5, 16,17-dodecahydr
o-1H-cyclopenta[a]ph
enanthren-17-yl]-5H-
furan-2-one
oc tahydrate
C29H60O20

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The leaves and bark are applied to the skin to treat skin disorders, and an infusion of the leaves is gargled to treat tonsillitis. A bark decoction is drunk to stop the menstruation. A hot infusion of the pounded root is drunk in small quantities to treat sexually transmitted diseases. A mixture made from the leaves, bark and butter is used for gall-bladder problems.

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