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Home » Raw Herbs » Fruits

Mesua ferrea  L

   

Botanical Name

:

Mesua ferrea L

English Name

:

Ironwood Tree, Ceylon ironwood, Cobra's saffron, Indian rose-chestnut

Synonym(s)

:

Mesua roxburgha, Mesua coromandalina

Family

:

Clusiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A medium-sized to large evergreen tree with short trunk, often buttressed at the base. The bark is greyish or reddish brown; the leaves are lanceolate, coriaceous, generally covered with a waxy bloom underneath, red when young; the flowers are large, white and fragrant; the fruits are ovoid, nearly woody; the seeds are dark brown.

Herb Effects

Astringent, antiinflammatory, antifungal, antibacterial and anthelmintic.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Herb Information
AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Volatile oil, mesuferrone-A and B, mesuaferrol, mesuanic acid, a- and ß-amyrin, betulinic acid and ß-sitosterol.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Mesuanic acid Not Available 3-[(2R,3S)-7-hydroxy
-2,3-dimethyl-8-(3-m
ethylbut-2-enyl)-8-(
5-methyl-2 -propan-
2-ylidene-hexyl)-4,5
-dioxo-2,3,4a,8a-tet
rahydrochromen-6-yl]
-3 -phenyl-propanoi
c acid
C35H48O6 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat diarrhoea with blood, hiccough, leucorrhoea for conception and bleeding piles (stamens and flowers), the leaves are applied to the head in the form of a poultice for severe colds, for sores, scabies, wounds, and rheumatism (seed oil), antidote for snake poison (roots), for bleeding hemorrhoids and dysentery with mucus (dried flowers), are also prescribed for excessive thirst, excessive perspiration, cough, and for indigestion (fresh flowers).

Contraindication

Abotifacient

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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