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Home » Plant infomation

Paeonia suffruticosa  Andrews

   

Botanical Name

:

Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews

English Name

:

Tree peony, Moutan peony, Chinese Moutan Peony, Hana-kisoi peony

Synonym(s)

:

Paeonia moutan Sims., Paeonia arborea Donn.

Family

:

Paeoniaceae

 

General Info

Description

Deciduous shrub, 6-8 ft (1.8-2.4 m); erect, open habit, thick twigs, has a woody stems that do not die back in winter. Leaves bipinnate, leaflets 5-10 cm long, ovate, 3-5 large teeth or lobes, terminal leaflet 3-lobed, light green above, bluish-green below. Large flower, deep red to pink to white (yellow in some hybrids), basal spot on each petal, often double or semi-double, up to 30 cm across.

Herb Effects

Analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, sedative, styptic and tonic (root and root bark); antibacterial (plant)

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzoic acid, beta-sitosterol, campesterol, paeoniflorin, paeonolide, paeonoside, tannin (root bark); kaempferol, quercetin (leaves)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Paeoniflorin Not Available Not Available C23H28O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Paeonolide 72520-92-4 1-[4-methoxy-2-[(2S,
3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-[[(2R,3R
,4S,5S)-3, 4,5-trih
ydroxyoxan-2-yl]oxym
ethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxy-
phenyl]ethanone
C20H28O12
Paeonoside 20309-70-0 1-[4-methoxy-2-[(2S,
3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xy-phenyl]ethanone
C15H20O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme
thyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-o
xan-2-yl]oxy-4,5-dih
ydroxy-6-(hydroxymet
hyl)oxan-2
-yl]oxy-4,5-dihydrox
y-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

An extract of the plant has antibacterial activity, inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus, Bacillus dysenteriae, Typhoid bacillus, Paratyphoid bacillus, Proteus, Pseudomonas, E. coli, Haemophilus pertussis and Streptococcus. The plant is used internally in the treatment of fevers, boils, menstrual disorders, nosebleeds, ulcers, irritability and gastro-intestinal infections. A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy, and as a treatment for haemorrhoids and varicose veins.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 739, CRC Press July 2002.

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