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Home » Plant infomation

Croton tiglium  


Botanical Name


Croton tiglium

English Name


Purging Croton, croton



Triglium officinale.Klotzsch., Croton jamalgotaF. Hamuton.





General Info


A small tree, 15 to 20 feet high; trunk rather crooked, with smooth bark; branches slender, smooth, terete; bark pale whitish-brown, marked with scars of the fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, on stalks nearly half as long as the blade; blade about 4½ inches long by 2 inches wide then full grown, thin, glabrous, ovate, attenuate at the apex, faintly and rather distantly serrate, pale bright green, veins prominent beneath, petiole breaking up immediately on entering the leaf into 5 veins, the two lateral faint, the two intermediate well marked, giving with the mid-rib a triple-nerved aspect to the leaf; on either side of base of the blade and connected with the petiole is a prominent sessile gland; stipules minute, filiform, deciduous; the young leaves and buds with scattered stellate hairs. Flowers in lax terminal, erect racemes, unisexual; the male at the upper part of the raceme, the female less numerous at the lower part; pedicels longer than the flowers; bracts minute. Seeds nearly ½ an inch long, ovoid, rounded on the back, marked on the ventral surface by a fine raised raphe; testa thin, brittle, light brown, black within; embryo with large foliaceous cotyledons, lying in the centre of the oily endosperm.

Herb Effects

Laxative, rubefacient and stimulant (seed and its oil); "activates nitroblue tetrazolium reduction in human polymorphs".


Croton tiglium


Active Ingredients

Phorbol myristate acetate (seed oil); tiglinic and crotonic acids, crotonol and a fixed fatty oil (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Phorbol myristate acetate 27936-27-2 Not available C36H56O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Tiglinic acid 80-59-1 2-methylbut-2-enoic
C5H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Crotonic acid 111-78-4 Cycloocta-1,5-diene C8H12 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

As a laxative, snakebite anitidote, in amenorrhea, skin maladies, rheumatism, neuralgia and chronic bronchitis (seed and oil). The oil is useful in dropsy, obstinate constipation, intestinal obstructions, and lead poisoning; as a preliminary laxative in leprosy; and as a revulsive in apoplexy.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.



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