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Home » Plant infomation

Ephedra equisetina  Bunge

   

Botanical Name

:

Ephedra equisetina Bunge

English Name

:

Mongolian ephedra

Synonym(s)

:

Ephedra shennungiana Tang

Family

:

Ephedraceae

 

General Info

Description

Shrubs, up to 1(-1.5) m tall, erect or partially procumbent, with thick, well developed woody stems. Herbaceous branchlets straight, long, slender, blue-green or gray-green with a powdery bloom, 1-1.5 mm in diameter, rigid, internodes short, 1-3 cm × 1-1.5 mm, finely furrowed. Leaves opposite, brownish, 1.5-3 mm long, connate for ca. 3/4 their length, free part bluntly triangular. Pollen cones solitary or in clusters of 3 or 4 at nodes, sessile or shortly pedunculate; bracts in 3 or 4 pairs, connate for ca. 1/3 their length; staminal column slightly exserted, with 6-8 sessile anthers. Seed cones usually opposite at nodes, shortly pedunculate, elongate-ovoid or ovoid at maturity, 8-10 × 4-5 mm; bracts in 3 pairs, apical pair connate for ca. 2/3 their length, red and fleshy at maturity; integument tube to 2 mm, straight or slightly curved, slightly exserted. Seeds usually 1, elongate-ovoid, 5-7 × 2.5-3 mm.

Herb Effects

Antispasmodic and antiviral (whole plant); antidote, diaphoretic, diuretic, vasoconstrictor and vasodilator (stem); antihydrotic (root)

Links

The Gymnosperm Database
Plants For A Future

Chemistry

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The whole plant acts promptly to reduce swellings of the mucous membranes and is valuable in the treatment of asthma. It is also used against influenza. The stems dilates the bronchial vessels whilst stimulating the heart and central nervous system. They are used internally in the treatment of chills, fever, headache, stuffy nose, anhidrosis with a floating, tense pulse, asthma, cough, dyspnea, edema with fever, deep pulse and cold, hay fever and allergic complaints. The root lowers blood pressure and dilates the peripheral blood vessels. It is used in the treatment of night sweating and spontaneous sweating.

Contraindication

1. Should be used with great caution, preferably under the supervision of a qualified practitioner.
2. Should not be prescribed to patients who are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors, or suffering from high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism or glaucoma.

Reference

Jing-Nuan Wu. An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica. P: 280, Oxford University Press, Inc.2005.

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