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Home » Plant infomation

Cnidium monnieri  (L.) Cusson


Botanical Name


Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson

English Name


Monnier's snowparsley



Ligusticum monnieri (L.)Calest.





General Info


Plants annual, 10–60(–80) cm. Taproot 2–3 mm thick. Stem solitary, striate, scabrous. Lower petioles 3–8 cm; blade ovate-lanceolate, 3–8 × 2–5 cm, 2–3-pinnate; ultimate segments linear to linear-lanceolate, 3–10 × 1–1.5 mm, veins and margins scabrous. Umbels 2–3(–5) cm across; bracts 6–10, linear to linear-lanceolate, 2–3 mm, persistent, margins narrowly white membranous, very finely ciliate; rays 8–20(–30), 5–20 mm, unequal; bracteoles 5–9, linear, nearly equal pedicels, margins ciliate; umbellules 15–20-flowered; pedicels 3–5 mm. Calyx teeth obsolete or minute. Stylopodium conic; styles 3–4 times longer than stylopodium. Fruit ovoid, 1.5–3 × 1–2 mm; lateral ribs slightly broader than the dorsal. Seed face plane.

Herb Effects

Antipruritic, aphrodisiac, antirheumatic, astringent, carminative, discutient, sedative, vermifuge and vulnerary (seed)


Plants For A Future
Flora of China



Medicinal Use

The seeds are used externally as a lotion, powder or ointment for skin conditions such as eczema, ringworm, pruritus and scabies. A decoction is used internally in the treatment of Trichomonas vaginitis, leucorrhoea and uterine displacement. For trichomonas vaginatis, the decoction is also used over the local area or in a bath. The seed is also used in the treatment of impotence, often in conjunction with Schisandra chinensis. A decoction of the seed or whole plant is applied externally to skin problems including weeping eczema.



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