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Home » Plant infomation

Lactuca virosa  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Lactuca virosa L.

English Name

:

Acrid lettuce, Bitter lettuce, Butter lettuce, Garden lettuce, Great lettuce, Hemlock lettuce, Opium lettuce, Poison lettuce, Prickly lettuce, Wild lettuce.

Synonym(s)

:

Lactuca agrestis Bubani , nom. illeg., Lactuca ambigua Schrader

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

A biennial plant having a solid stem, 2 to 4 feet high, prickly near the base, branching above, and producing more or less leafy panicles of small, pale yellow flower-heads. Leaves are lanceolate to broadly oblong in shape, the lower leaves being sessile and the upper leaves amplexicaul, with coarsely toothed, or more or less deeply lobed, margin, and bearing stiff bristles or prickles on the under surface of the midrib and lateral veins. Florets number six to twelve. Fruit is small, flattened, and bears a slender beak about as long as the fruit.

Herb Effects

Anodyne, antispasmodic, digestive, diuretic, hypnotic, narcotic and sedative (plant sap).eu

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Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-amyrin, citric acid, hyoscyamine, lactupicrin, malic acid, mannitol, taraxasterol, tocopherol (plant); beta-sitosterol, squalene (seed); lactucin, oxalic acid (latex exudate).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Hyoscyamine 8000-07-5 (8-methyl-8-azabicyc
lo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)
3-hydroxy-2-phenyl-p
ropanoate
C17H23NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Lactupicrin 65725-11-3 Not Available C23H22O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Mannitol 85085-15-0 hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-h
exaol
C6H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxasterol 1059-14-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6,
6a,7,8,9,1 0,12,12a
,13,14,14a-hexadecah
ydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Tocopherol 59-02-9 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(4,8,12-trimethylt
ridecyl)chroman-6-ol
C29H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Squalene 94016-35-0 (6E,10E,14E,18E)-2,6
,10,15,19,23-hexamet
hyltetracosa-2,6,10,
14,18,22-h exaene
C30H50 Click Here To Enlarge
Lactucin Not Available Not Available C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The plant sap is taken internally in the treatment of insomnia, anxiety, neuroses, hyperactivity in children, dry coughs, whooping cough, rheumatic pain etc. and applied externally in the treatment of warts. A homeopathic remedy is made from the plant[9]. It is used in the treatment of chronic catarrh, coughs, swollen liver, flatulence and ailments of the urinary tract

Contraindication

Excessive use, especially during lactation and pregnancy, should be avoided.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 779, CRC Press July 2002.

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