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Home » Plant infomation

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus  (L.) DC.

   

Botanical Name

:

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.

English Name

:

Winged-bean, Goa-bean , Asparagus bean, Asparagus pea, Princess-pea, Four-angled-bean, Supermarket bean, Short day asparagus pea

Synonym(s)

:

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (Stickm.) DC., Dolichos tetragonolobus L., Botor tetragonolobus (L.) Kuntze.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial high-climbing, twining vine growing to 2m. Leaves trifoliate; leafletsare more or less triangular, tapering to an acute point, about 3-6 in (7.6-15 cm) long and almost as wide at the widest point. Flower pale sky blue, some are white, and others are reddish brown; larger than green bean flowers, a little more than 1 in (2.5 cm) long, and hang in loose clusters of 2-10 flowers. Pods have four leafy wings with frilly edges running lengthwise on the pods.

Herb Effects

Anthelminthic, antibacterial, anticancer, antiedemic, anti-HIV, antiinflammatory, antileukemic, antimalarial, antimelanomic, antinociceptive, antiplasmodial, antiseptic, antitumor, antiviral, aphrodisiac, apoptotic, cytotoxic, depurative, phospholipase-A2 inhibitor (flowers, pods, seeds and roots).

Links

Floridata
Edible and Medicinal Plants

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alanine, alpha-linolenic acid, arginine, aspartic acid, cystine, erucic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, linoleic acid, lysine, methionine, myristic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, phenylalanine, serine, stearic acid, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine (leaf); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene (fruit); betulinic acid (root); HCN (stem); folacin, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alanine 35597-43-4 2-[2-[2-amino-4-(hyd
roxy-methyl-phosphor
yl)-butanoyl]aminopr
opanoylami no]propa
noic acid
C11H22N3O6P Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Cystine 24645-67-8 2-amino-3-(2-amino-2
-carboxy-ethyl)disul
fanyl-propanoic acid
C6H12N2O4S2 Click Here To Enlarge
Erucic acid 1072-39-5 docos-13-enoic acid C22H42O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoleucine 319-78-8 2-amino-3-methyl-pen
tanoic acid
C6H13NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methionine 348-67-4 2-amino-4-methylsulf
anyl-butanoic acid
C5H11NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Myristic Acid Not Available Hexane C6H14 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Serine 6898-95-9 2-amino-3-hydroxy-pr
opanoic acid
C3H7NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Threonine 632-20-2 2-amino-3-hydroxy-bu
tanoic acid
C4H9NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tryptophan 80206-30-0 2-amino-3-(1H-indol-
3-yl)propanoic acid
C11H12N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
HCN Not available Hydrogen cyanide CHN Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The flowers, pods, seeds and roots are used in treating anemia, bacterial infections, boils, cancer, brain tumors, candidal infections, diabetes, dyspepsia, edema, fungal infections, glioblastoma, HIV, leukemia, malaria, medulloblastoma, melanoma, neuroblastoma, obesity, ophthalmia, otosis, pain, smallpox, swelling, toothache, venereal diseases, vertigo, viral infections and worm troubles.

Reference

James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P: 786, CRC Press July 2002.

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