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Home » Plant infomation

Typha orientalis  C. Presl


Botanical Name


Typha orientalis C. Presl

English Name


Broadleaf Cumbungi



Typha japonica Miq., Typha latifolia L. var. orientalis (C. Presl) Rohrb., Typha orientalis C. Presl. var. brunnea Skvortsov, Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sond. subsp. orientalis (C. Presl) Graebn.





General Info


Robust, emergent monoecious aquatic perennial herb to 4 m high. Rhizomes to c. 20 mm diam. Stems to 20 mm diam. Leaves with blade to 2 m long, to 30 mm wide. Upper leaves with sheath of the 2-4 uppermost leaves usually distinctly auriculate. Inflorescence with male and female spikes separated by 0-5 cm. Mature female spikes 8-30 cm long, 10-40 mm diam., chestnut to brown; floral bracts few or apparently absent, narrow-spathulate (usually 3 or 4 cells across); stigmas narrow-obovate, acuminate, markedly concave transversely, not fleshy. Male spike 10-30 cm long, 5-15 mm diam.; pollen shed as single grains.

Herb Effects

Astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue and haemostatic (pollen); anticoagulant and haemostatic (dried pollen)


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Medicinal Use

The pollen is used internally in the treatment of kidney stones, haemorrhage, painful menstruation, abnormal uterine bleeding, post-partum pains, abscesses and cancer of the lymphatic system and externally in the treatment of tapeworms, diarrhoea and injuries.


Should not be prescribed for pregnant women.



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