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Home » Plant infomation

Trifolium officinale  L.


Botanical Name


Trifolium officinale L.

English Name


Yellow sweet clover, Melilot, Common yellow melilot, Field melilot, Medicinal sweet clover, Ribbed melilot, Yellow melilot



Melilotus officinalisLam., Melilotus arvensis Wallr, Melilotus officinalis var. micranthus O. E. Schulz, Melilotus vulgaris Hill,





General Info


An annual herb to tree 0.5–2 m tall. Leaves leaflets 1–2.5 cm, elliptic-oblong to obovate, ± toothed. Inflorescence slender; axis generally 3–8 cm when flowers open. Flower; calyx 2–2.5 mm; corolla 4.5–7 mm, yellow. Fruit 3–5 mm, ovoid, irregularly cross-ridged

Herb Effects

Alterative, analgesic, antiaggregant, antiedemic, antiexudative, antiinflammatory, antiprostaglandin, antispasmodic, antitumor, astringent, carcinogenic, carminative, collyrium, decongestant, digestive, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, fumitory, hemostatic , hepatotoxic, hypotensive, immunostimulant, insecticide, lactagogue, laxativ, lymphotonic, myorelaxant, nervine, antidote, proteolytic, sedative, stimulant, tonic, vasodilator and vulnerary (plant);


Plants For A Future
Jepson Manual treatment for Melilotus officinalis



Medicinal Use

The herb is indicated in treating acne, adenopathy, aposteme, arthrosis, asthma, bleeding, boil, brachiosis, bronchosis, brucellosis, bruise, burn, anal cancer breast cancer, eye diseases, joint cancer, cancer of kidney, liver cancer, liver diseases, nose cancer, nose diseases, prostate cancer, scrotum cancer, sinew cancer, spleen cancerstomach cancer, uterine cancer, cardiopathy, cellulite, chills, cold, colic, condyloma, congestion, conjunctivosis, constipation, cramps, dermatosis, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, dysuria, earache, edema, elephantiasis, encephalosis, endothelioma, enterosis, epigastrosis, epithelioma, eructation, erysipelas, fever, filariasis, gas, gastrosis, headache, hemorrhoid, high blood pressure, immunodepressio, induration, infection, inflammatio, insomnia, ischemia, itch, lymphedema, lymphatic congestion, melanoma, migraine, mononucleosis, myalgia, mycoplasmosis, nervousness, neuralgia, ophthalmia, otosis, pain , pancreatosis, phlebitis, poisoning, proctosis, psittacosis, rheumatism, sarcoma, scirrhus, sore, sprain, stomachache, swelling, sunburn, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, toxoplasmosis, tumor, ulcer, ulcus cruris, uterosis, varicosis, water retention, wen and wound. A distilled water obtained from the flowering tops is an effective treatment for conjunctivitis.


James A Duke and Maryl Fulton. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - 2nd Edition, P:806-807, CRC Press July 2002.



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